History of Perpetual Motion and Free Energy Machines
last updated 12/31/99 -this page found at http://www.phact.org/e/dennis4.html
updates to Free Energy claims
In spite of no evidence of success hundreds of
people for centuries have attempted to solve the holy grail of energy production
- Perpetual Motion Machines. Many people simply think it must be
possible and if they only try hard enough, they will find a solution. Some
of this is from Joseph Bulgatz's book: 'Ponzi schemes invaders from
mars and other popular delusions' Still to this day I get weekly
people who feel they are about to get one working.
for more reading of free
energy scams check out the perpetual motion chapter of Jack Phins 'the
7 Follies of Science' - also the book 'Perpetual Motion: The History of
an Obsession' and 'The Perpetual motion Mystery ' by R.A. Ford and 'The
Manual of Free Energy Devices and Systems' by D. A. Kelly.
Motion - a great overview of them
Free Energy Devices Database - - another great list of FE claims
Free Energy Archive freshly updated 8/98!
Villand de Honnecourt
century had a drawing of one.
Leonardo da vinci
a number of drawings
Jesuit priest, Johanes
Taisnerius worked on a magnetic based
perpetual motion machine
John Dee of 16th
century reported seeing one - but wasn't allowed a closer look
was an alchemist and magician supposedly made one
proposed many machines -people were trying to patent variations of Fludd's
failures in the 1870's
1635 - first of many English perpetual motion machine
patents granted. - by 1903, 600 such patents had been granted. Free energy
claimants love impressing people with patents (most people don't understand
that a patent can't promise feasibility)
demonstrated many lacking free energy water wheels to the king of France
scientist Jean Bernoulli
- 1748) proposed a fluid energy machine
In 1712 Johann Bessler
300 different perpetual motion models and announced to the world that he
had discovered the secret of perpetual motion and got much investment money
- was declared a fraud but here's
site which believes he had something that worked had constructed a
machine which demonstrated his claim. another site
about Bessler and another
between 1760 and 1780 3 british patents were filed
on perpetual motion machines
Dr Conradus Schiviers
1790 made a belt driven wheel- others tried more unsuccessful adaptations
a century later
Sir William Congreve
1827 tried a machine running on capillary action (many others failed in
this attempt too)
Britisher Henry Prince
described the first partially submerged perpetual motion machine.
Mark Zimara of
Italy had a huge air powered machine that never worked
the USA got a patent to a machine with many balls that just rotate around.
Austrian, Alois Drasch
patented a unsuccessful machine in the US in 1868
german, George Andreas
Bockler proposed 'self operating mills'
using variants of Archimdes screws
1812 in Philadelphia made much money on a perpetual motion machine,
tried to restrict scientific evaluation, but was eventually debunked. Afterwards,
he still made money on similar scams.
Scottish shoemaker Spence,
designed a magnetic based machine which was debunked.
E. P. Willis
of Connecticut made money off a perpetual motion machine in 1870 - people
eventually found out a secret source of power to it.
John Worrel Keely
Philadelphia in 1872 (he also had a traveling show of exhibitions). He
fooled many scientists with a machine which appeared to run on water. He
raised 5 million of investor money (more for the time than Dennis has raised).
Keely tried to avoid being tested. The machine was based on hidden air
pressure tubes. In spite of massive fraud being found - there are still
believers in his 'technology' today.
American John Gamgee
1881 got considerable support for a machine very similar to Dennis Lee's
which used liquid ammonia (because it could operate at freezing) - it got
vaporized from heat readily available, thus expanding it would drive a
piston. Gamgee wrongly thought the vapor would condense to liquid to start
the cycle over again. The Navy appeared to have been fooled and showed
it to president Garfield - it never went anywhere
Napier agrees that Dennis Lee may have resurrected Gamgee's bogus engine
J. M. Aldrich
arrested for getting investors for his free energy machine in 1899 - he
some how was able to avoid conviction and conned many investors. One of
whom was finally able to inspect the machine found a hidden spring
John Andrews in
1917 had a green powder he said turned water to gas (actually many people
did this scam) - he tricked the Navy
Garabed T.K. Giragossian
1917 claimed to have a free energy machine. He was one of the early frauds
to hid behind conspiracy theory. Woodrow Wilson signed a resolution offering
him protection from some kind of conspiracy. After much fanfare, and delaying
tactics his machine turned out to be a giant flywheel which was charged
up with energy slowly and put out a lot of energy for just a second. In
spite of lack of proof of anything significant his followers still bothered
the US congress for recognition.
in 1928 got an Army commandant to endorse his free energy machine - but
it was later found to have a hidden magnet in the motor. His sons believe
Lester lost his notes and that maybe they can rediscover how to get it
Robert Johnson's permanent
magnet motor got a patent but faded into
Viktor Schauberger Claimed
to have discovered some special vortex energy in water. Since he died in
1958, I don't know if his claims have been replicated, but people
are still studying his works
Mr Papf in 1966
was a conspiracy believer alternative
car engine got a few investors but killed someone during a demo. He
tried to blame the problem on an investigating skeptic. He disappeared
and became part of urban legend of scores of people which the big conspiracy
has been silencing for generations.
Guido Franch was
convicted of fraud in 1954 and 1973 of selling rights to distribute little
green pills that would convert water into gas. He hid behind conspiracy
theory and secrecy to avoid fair testing. A number of people have run this
scam and many people still believe there are pill repressed by the oil
Otis Carr in
1958 sold stock for a company to manufacture UFO's and free energy machines
from Oklahoma. He claimed inspiration from Tesla, now his ideas are being
used by Dennis Lee
Edgar Cayce even
babble about "Motor's
with no Fuel"
claimed to use air as a fuel and had a patent. (a patent doesn't mean something
The Evgray machine
scammed many investors (who didn't know how to test 'depleted' batteries).
The perpetrators refused to let a knowledgeable person test the device.
And the DA had trouble charging them because investments weren't made as
stock purchases. A skeptical investigator who I talked with was denied
permission to examine the device (skeptics rarely get a close look at this
in 1977 collected $800,000 of investor money (again, mostly from bible
believing farmers) for a 'self acting pump'. He tried to hid behind religion.
He called his device Jeremiah 33:3' Finally, an open test was done in 1979
and found a hidden source of electricity. His believers (with an infinite
supply of denial ) still raised $250,000 to get out of a fraud conviction.
He still went on making lots of claims with no evidence.
1977 made all kinds of conspiracy and OU claims in New Zealand.Many still
believe in the Adams
Motor . - He had the obligatory battles over patents, debates over
theory, debates over power measurement and dabbling in other areas of alt
1978 got over $3,000,000 of investment money (much from farmers) for a
closed cycle engine using freon rather than water. This 'engine' used the
same scheme John Gamgee tried to sell the navy in 1882. -Eric Krieg thinks
this is the same approach Dennis Lee's free energy machine works on. I
think he just faded away (people claim he was silenced)
Elgin Illinois, claimed to have invented a cold fusion, laser activated,
magnetic motor that produced 525 HP, weighed 475 lbs, and would propel
a large truck or bus 100,000 miles on about 2 lbs of deuterium. After signing
a number of dealers, he moved all his equipment out of his labs, moved
to CA and died. (to this day, folks say he was silenced by OPEC)
a physicist and claimed to have a device in 1978 which harnessed fusion
power from sea water. They say they put power in and get more power out.
I've never heard of them since.
a patent for a device
claimed to make free energy from a motor
like device. (Note: a patent doesn't mean something works)
a device claimed to produce more energy than consumed. Calculations seemed
to not take power factor (also known as phase angle) into account. It never
openly had it's output hooked up to its input. Even Dennis Lee tells his
followers that all the over unity motors (claim to make more electricity
than consumed) usually just fool people who can't measure power factor.
Bill muller and Carmen muller of Germany raised money on an overunity motor
and got a few followers, but never actually demonstrated one working
Newman in 1984 claimed to have a free
energy machine based on alternative physics. Like many perpetual motion
inventors, he sued the US patent office. Many people wrongly measured the
true power output of this machine, (they didn't realize you must specially
calculate power for non sinusoidal current consumption). He now refuses
to ship a unit for testing. Ten years ago, inventor Joseph
Newman gave a open week-long demonstration in the Super dome
in New Orleans. Over 9,000 people attended from across the country (including
Lee who reportedly wanted to join his ideas with Newman. ) Newman is
suing some former investors he claims are trying to steal his invention.
I give more information.
Evan Soule of Newman's organization
offers a rebuttal
1988 has been promising to
demonstrate free electricity "in a month or two". He is much
like Newman in his mixture of religion & extremist politics, evasion
of qualified investigators, endless promises, threatening detractors, etc.
He had a Fischer engine,
now claims to have
a CRD OU motor device.
claimed to have a water powered car and was also big on mixing Christianity
and patriot politics in with fringe science. Meyer was found guilty
of fraud after his Water Fuel Cell was tested before an Ohio judge. It
is rare for an inventor to be prosecuted for an invention that does not
work, but Meyer's problem was that he had been selling "dealerships", offering
investors the "right to do business'' in Water Fuel Cell technology. Meyer
refused to allow anyone else to measure his device. He died in early 1998.
Bruce De Palma
had a machine in 1986 - which appeared to one Electrical Engineering professor
to put out 4 times more power than consumed. Turned out it was just a measurement
error. (I could go on and on with such examples) Bruce was a substance
abuser living very high off investor money and unwilling to help investigators
like PSITRON. A pathetic summary of the death of free energy claimant
dePalma and a site
dedicated to Bruce.
Dr. Potapov sold
a device that was claimed to produce more energy than consumed, there are
claims that these didn't work and that people did not have refunds.
John Bedini claims
to have a free energy device, but seems closed to having competent independent
people investigate John
Bedini's claims a An independent writing on Can you get excess
power with magnets and wires?
Mr. Finsrud is
a Norwegian artist who made a sculpture where a metal ball moves for weeks
apparently with no outside influence. more
Don Watts of
Las Vegas in around 1990 had a patented CEACU. which stands for
Centrifugal Energy Amplification and Conversion Unit - it turned
out to be one more investment fraud.
Troy Reed of
Oklahoma, was ready to issue licences for manufacturing his permanent
magnet motor etc.
David Hamel has
a lot of Free
energy ideas from Planet Kladen
Stephan Marinov claimed
to have proven much alternative physics and to have contacted a strange
cult that claims to have a Free Energy Machine. He committed suicide on
July 15, 1997. more
information, But he left behind some intense
Greg Watson sold
kits for a rolling ball and track that were thought to have over unity
in 1997. Attempts of replication I know of have failed. It may have been
lack of proper level or measuring. People have reported being unable to
get their money back. For other opinions, go to : smot2a
failure to confirm
Yull Brown scammed
a lot of gullible investors in Austrailia for years with his Browns
Gas claims. Eventually was picked up by Dennis
Lee (who eventually declared him insane) and finally died in 1998.
CETI These people
have claimed to have a device that puts out anomalous yet small amounts
of heat - maybe cold
fusion. They raised millions.
As of 10/97, they have not been willing to have me come over and see for
myself. They have said, we want people to think it doesn't work so we
won't have competition. I've wondered if the energy may have come from
not accounting for friction effects from the cooling flow through the pellets.
(Jed Rothwell a rational editor of Infinite
Energy Magazine says "however, tests with CETI cells at Motorola,
SRI and the French Atomic Energy Commission show no measurable friction)
Milton Rothman has a response
I openly admit that I have not followed all the history of cold
fusion claims and am generally ignorant on the subject.
In Jan 98 Barbara
Hickox allegedly has a patent dating from 1981 for a $7500 fusion powered
free energy system. I've started asking her for proof as of 10/98
India claims to have a device that is 200% efficient (I'm told
his measurement is questionable)
RQM is a Swiss
company selling FE machines found at www.rqm.ch
- I heard they filed for bankruptcy 7/99
Ted King is looking
for people to buy stock for a car he plans to drive across the country
using just 2 12 volt batteries. You can contact Ted
if you want to buy shares.
Daniel Pomerleau of
Canada claims to have something that works, but he isn't interested in
releasing it (as 12/97)
Brian Collin of
Australia claims revelation from God (like most of these people)
to make a free energy device. A Stephen Mark claimed he invented it. Investors
are still out for around $80,000.
Entropy Systems of
Ohio 1999 Sanjay Amin claims they have gotten 1.6 million investment dollars
for a device
the 2nd law of thermodynamics.
I'm in touch with them to try to have them apply for my prize
for proof. See a rational
review of Amin's claims.
Carl Cella is
a kooky guy who has claimed to have one of the many cars said to run on
Robert LeBreton in
1999 claimed to be making a 600
hp free energy machine He asks for funding- I asked him for proof.
Renzo Boscolio in
1999 in Italy claimed to have low-energy nuclear reactions but refused
to supply real proof that he promised to people who came out from Infinite
Doug Konzen of Seattle says he has
a self running
engine in Jan of 2000 that anyone can see.
Creator of this
here page and his skeptic
pages and crack pot pages
of Free Energy and Ceti
excellent history of perpetual motion machines from an Australian skeptic
My open prize money for a
real free energy machine
back to my
main page about Dennis Lee. -
to become a Free Energy con man
Meyers gets locked up for phony water powered cars
what about 300 mpg carburetors?
Eric's discussion of real
forms of free energy
more believing history of free energy claims
good overview of Free energy claimants
Schadewald claims to have invented a Perpetual
motion machine - but will the big conspiracy stop him?
EXTRAORDINARY CLAIMS REQUIRE EXTRAORDINARY EVIDENCE!
For a totally different interpretation, check out
conspiracy believing history of free energy 'inventions' I think the
writer of it doesn't understand that many fraud perpetrators claim they've
been offered outrageous sums to hook investors and then disappear after
being detected to avoid incarceration - which gets interpreted by believers
as evidence of a conspiracy.
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