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Robert Stirniman's
Antigravity Bibliography - 1

 This file contains an electrogravitic reference list -- copied ad hoc
 from various other files and sources. Prepared by; Robert Stirniman 
 This Update: March 1, 1996 

 NOTE: Danger Will Robinson! Some of the following information is serious,
 and some is nonsense. Some of the things that might at first seem to be 
 nonsense, are not. And some things referenced below, which come from 
 serious credentialed sources, are in fact nonsense. 
 Whatever the case, it's been included. Good luck sorting it out. 
 Understanding gravity is a matter of time.

Internet Sites

Elektromagnum web site by David Jonsson: http://www.newphys.se/elektromagnum/
KeelyNet: http://www.keelynet.com/ http://www.newphys.se/elektromagnum/physics/KeelyNet/
Los Alamos National Lab Physics E-Print Archive: http://xxx.lanl.gov/
Center for Gravitational Physics and Geometry: http://vishnu.nirvana.phys.psu.edu/
Bill Beaty's Weird Science, Anomalous Physics, Free-Energy, Tesla Society: http://www.eskimo.com/~billb/ http://www.eskimo.com/~billb/freenrg/antigrav.html
The Institute For New Energy, Patrick Bailey, homepage : http://www.padrak.com/ine/
Digital Equipment Corp's Alta Vista web search engine. If you can't find it with this, it ain't out there yet. http://www.altavista.digital.com/
Elsevier Science. Search or browse the table of contents of more than 900 science and technology journals. Data since early 1995. http://www.elsevier.nl/cas/estoc/
Norman Redington's website, The Net Advance of Physics, recent preprints and papers describing new developments in physics: http://pobox.com/~redingtn
Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University's Aerospace Virtual Library: http://macwww.db.erau.edu/www_virtual_lib/aerospace.html
Jack R. Hunt Memorial Library (aerospace): http://amelia.db.erau.edu/
American Institute of Aeronautics & Astronautics (AIAA) home page: http://www-leland.stanford.edu/group/aiaa/national
NASA Langley Research Center Library: http://blearg.larc.nasa.gov/library/larc-lib.html
NASA Scientific and Technical Information: http://www.sti.nasa.gov/STI-homepage.html
University of Alabama at Hunstville. Dr Ning Li and Dr Douglas Torr. Microgravity research consultants to NASA's Marshall Space Center. http://isl-garnet.uah.edu/RR93/uahmatsci.html
The Microgravity Research Experiments (MICREX) Data Base http://samson2.msfc.nasa.gov/fame/exps/kaw-sl3.html
Interstellar Propulsion Society: http://www.digimark.net/ips/
National Science Foundation World Wide Web Server. Find out where your science tax dollars are going. http://stis.nsf.gov/ Nexus magazine web page: http://www.peg.apc.org/~nexus/
Home page of New Scientist magazine: http://www.newscientist.com/pstourist/index.html
The Farce of Physics: http://www.germany.eu.net/books/farce
The World Wide Web Virtual Library: Sumeria/Technology http://lablinks.com/sumeria/tech.html
The Society for the Advancement of Autodynamics website: http://www.webcom.com/~saa
Popular Mechanics' Tech Update Article Archive: http://popularmechanics.com/cgi-bin/wais.pl
Fortean web site: http://www.clas.ufl.edu/anthro/fortpages.html.
Homepage of Apeiron Magazine: http://montreal.aei.ca:80/~apeiron/
Borderland Sciences Research Foundation ftp site: ftp: northcoast.com/pub/bsrf
Homepage of the International Society of Unified Science, for advancing the Reciprocal System Theory of Dewey B. Larson: http://infox.eunet.cz/interpres/sr/isus/index.html
Frank Lofaro's homepage, including alternative science links, and two articles by Whittaker written in 1903 and 1904 about scalar field theory and free energy: http://www.unlv.edu/~ftlofaro/
Homepage of the Oppositely Charged Twin Monopole (OCTM) theory of matter, "Gravity is a Push", US patent number 5,377,936: http://www.epicom.com/gravitypush
Dr Eujin Jeong's Dipole Theory of Gravity homepage: http://www.realtime.net/~ejeong
Levesque's (laurent@ee.umanitoba.ca) web site: http://www.ee.umanitoba.ca/~laurent
UFOs and the New Physics: http://www.hia.com/hia/pcr/ufo.html
   There is a fairly large body of evidence which supports the idea
   of a strong relationship, and possibly an equivalent fundamental 
   source, for electromagnetism and gravitation. Many references to this 
   effect are contained in this resource list. But for now, let's forget 
   about the experimental evidence and theoretical ideas which are
   presented here, and begin with first principles. 

   What if our knowledge of physics had evolved differently? 

   What if no one had ever given a thought to any theory of gravitation, 
   before we discovered the principles and theories of electromagnetics 
   and the two nuclear forces. We might have developed some fairly good 
   theories which unify the "three" forces. We would know that clumps of 
   matter are held together primarily by electromagnetic forces. And we 
   would find experimentally that if we separate some of these clumps of 
   matter, a small force continues to exist which trys to bring them back 
   together. Would it seem rational to speculate that this force is 
   something entirely new and completely different from electromagnetics? 
   Would it not be a great foolishness to invent something new and call 
   it gravity and claim that it has no relationship with the known forces, 
   and then write elaborate mathematical theories which describe it solely 
   as geometry? 
   Or, would it be more rational to see it as what it probably is -- 
   a manifestation of the electromagnetic forces which we already know 
   to hold matter together? 

   Could it be that electric charge is a fundamental thing, and inertial 
   mass is merely a shadow of something primal, and what we know as a 
   gravitational field is merely the net result of other primary fields?
   Geometrize it if you find it useful to do so, but please recognize that 
   defining gravity as geometry lends no information to the understanding 
   of its cause. 

   Of all the forces we know, there is none stronger than a paradigm.
   -- Robert Stirniman

   From: kldalton@cs.clemson.edu
   Date: Tue, 12 Dec 1995 11:30:30 -0500
   Author(s): Kenneth Dalton
   Journal-ref: Hadronic J. 17 (1994) 483-501
       Hypothesis: The electromagnetic field is the source of gravitation.
       This treatment of gravitation is consistent with the quantum theory
       of matter, which holds that electric charge (or `generalized
       charge') is the most fundamental attribute of matter. Experimental
       predictions of the theory include: (1) any massive body generates a
       time-dependent gravitational field; (2) there is a linear
       correlation between the gravitational red-shift of a stellar source
       and the energy of cosmic rays emitted by that source, given by $
       {\Delta \nu}/{\nu_0} = energy (eV)/10^{27} $; (3) the maximum energy
       of cosmic rays is $ 10^{27} $ eV; (4) this limit is associated with
       an infinitely red-shifted stellar object, an ``electrostatic
       black-hole,'' at the potential $ c^2/G^{1/2} = 10^{27} $ volts.
       Finally, the theory predicts that the gravitational potential near
       any charged elementary particle is many orders of magnitude greater
       than the Newtonian value.

   From: Kenichi Horie 
   Date: Sat, 13 Jan 1996 14:41:29 +0900
   Geometric Interpretation of Electromagnetism in a Gravitational Theory 
   with Torsion and Spinorial Matter
     Author(s): Kenichi Horie (KEK Japan)
     Comments: Ph.D. thesis, 98 pages, LaTeX file, ca 276kB
       Possible geometric frameworks for a unified theory of gravity and
       electromagnetism are investigated: General relativity is enlarged by
       allowing for an arbitrary complex linear connection and by
       constructing an extended spinor derivative based on the complex
       connection. Thereby the spacetime torsion not only is coupled to the
       spin of fermions and causes a four-fermion contact interaction, but
       the non-metric vector-part of torsion is also related to the
       electromagnetic potential. However, this long-standing relation is
       shown to be valid only in a special U(1) gauge, and it is a formal
       consequence of the underlying extended geometry.

  Salem, Kenneth G.
  The new gravity : a new force, a new mass, a new acceleration : unifying
  gravity with light / Kenneth G. Salem.  1st ed.  Johnstown, PA : 
  Salem Books, c1994.  xiii, 181 p. : ill. ; 22 cm.
  LC CALL NUMBER: QC794.6.G7 S26 1994
  SUBJECTS: Unified field theories. Gravitation. Electromagnetic interactions.
  ISBN:  0962539813

  Green, James A.
  Gravitation & the electroform model : from general relativity to unified
  field theory / by James A. Green.  7th ed.  [Wichita, Kan.] : Greenwood
  Research, c1994.  33 p. : ill. ; 24 cm.
  LC CALL NUMBER: QC178 .G68 1994
  SUBJECTS: Gravitation. Unified field theories. Astrophysics.
  "Wichita State University Physics Graduate Seminar, Dec.1993 and Dec. 1994"

  Another very interesting research on anti-gravity is done (and still
  going on) by the Japanese prof. Shinishi SEIKE. He published his 
  findings in the book " The Principles of Ultra Relativity ".  
  For his highly mathematical (no nonsense) book write to:
    Shinichi SEIKE
    G Research Institute
    Box 33
    UWAJIMA/Ehime (798)

   Patents for anti-gravity devices and systems have been issued to 
   Brown, Hooper, Wallace, and others.

   US Patents Awarded to Townsend Brown --

      300,311 T.T.Brown     Nov. 15, 1928   A Method of and an Apparatus
                                             or Machine for Producing Force 
                                             or Motion
    1,974,483 T.T.Brown     Sept. 25, 1934  Electrostatic Motor
    2,949,550 T.T.Brown     Aug. 16, 1960   Electrokinetic Apparatus
    3,022,430 T.T.Brown     Feb. 20, 1962   Electrokinetic Generator
    3,187,206 T.T.Brown     June 1, 1965    Electrokinetic Apparatus
    3,296,491 T.T.Brown     Jan. 3, 1967    Method and Apparatus for Produc-
                                            ing Ions and Electrically-Charged 
    3,518,462 T.T.Brown     June 30, 1970   Fluid Flow Control System

   Dr. late William J. Hooper, BA, MA, PhD in Physics was affiliated with 
   the University of California at Berkley, and was Professor Emeritus, 
   when he died in 1971. His works are documented and he gained two U.S. 
   He claimed use of the "Motional Electric Field" to produce gravity and
   anti-gravity for use in SPACECRAFT and AIRCRAFT. Indeed, in U.S. patent
   #3,610,971 you can see a Flying Saucer diagram is used as an example 
   in Figure 7.
   -- James Hartman, CaluNET Future Science Administrator

   US Patent #3,610,971. "All Electric Motional Electric Field Generator",
   Awarded to William Hooper, April 1969

   US Patent # 3,656,013. "Apparatus for Generating Motional Electric Field",
   Awarded to William Hooper, April 1972

   Hooper, W. J. (1974).  New Horizons in Electric, Magnetic and 
   Gravitational Field Theory, Electrodynamic Gravity, Inc. 1969  

   Electrodynamic Gravity, Inc., 1983

   "Electric Propulsion Study", Dr. Dennis Cravens, SAIC Corp, 
    prepared for USAF Astronautics Lab at Edwards AFB, August 1990
     -- Section 3.7  Non-Inductive Coils
      Several authors have suggested that v x B term in the Lorentz
      expression should be called into question. Several unverified
      experimental results have ever been made. An experiment is 
      suggested to test one or several of these theoretical views.
      This is an area where the experimental procedure is workable
      and the outcome could have direct results in the area of inertia
      During the late 60's William J. Hooper put forth an interesting
      theory involving the v x B terms dynamic electrical circuits.
      There was and is uncertainty as to the exact physical understanding
      of the Biot-Savart-Lorentz law and Ampere's law involving the set
      of reaction forces. Peter Graneau has studied these expressions.
      Hoopers view was that there are three different types of electric  
      fields due to the distribution of electric field, and two due
      to induction. 
      At the heart of the issue is the connection of the magnetic field
      and its source in the charged particles. EM theory is presently 
      consistent with the idea that spinning magnetic dipoles create
      effects indistinguishable from charged particles. There has been
      no critical experiment which can disprove whether a magnetic flux 
      rotates with its source. If it does co-move with its source then
      it is logical to assume that a motional electric field in a fixed
      reference frame of the current induces a magnetic field. This 
      concept is likewise consistent with a field-free interpretation
       such as Ampere's original laws.  
       (with 4 pages more about Hooper's theories)

  ELECTROMAGNETIC FORCES, by Nils Rognerud 1994 (nils@ccnet.com)
  (available at the elektromagnum web site)
     This paper is a review of the problem of the observable action of
     gravitational forces on charged particles. The author discusses the
     induced electric fields and the sometimes overlooked unique physical
     properties. He analyzes several experiments, showing the reality of
     the induced electric fields. The current interpretation, based on the
     idea of only one electric field, with certain characteristics, is
     compared with alternative approaches.
     The Hooper Coil:
     The author has tested a setup by pulsing strong currents, opposite and
     equal, through multiple parallel conductors. The configuration of the
     conductors in this type of experiment will cancel the B-fields, while
     still producing an Em field, in accordance with Eq. 4.2. This is
     similar to an experiment by Hooper (W. J. Hooper), who successfully
     predicted and measured the motional electric field - all in zero
     resultant B-field.
     Interestingly, all of the above experiments can influence an electron
     with a zero B-field, in the region of the electron. This has some
     profound implications - one of which is that the motional electric
     force field is immune to electrostatic or magnetic shielding.
     Experimentally, it can be confirmed that the motional electric field
     is immune to shielding and follows the boundary conditions of the
     magnetic (not electric) field. The only way to shield a motional
     electric field is to use a magnetic shield around the source of the
     magnetic flux - containing it at the source. These effects are not
     startling if one remembers that the motional electric field is a
     magnetic effect and that a magnetic field has a different boundary
     condition than the electric field.

       US Patent #3626605 -- "Method and Apparatus for Generating 
       a Secondary Gravitational Force Field"
       Awarded to Henry Wm Wallace of Ardmore PA   Dec 14, 1971

       US Patent #3626606 -- "Method and Apparatus for Generating a
       Dynamic Force Field"
       Awarded to Henry Wm Wallace of Ardmore PA   Dec 14, 1971
       US Patent #3823570 -- "Heat Pump" (based on technology 
       similar to the above two inventions)
       Awarded to Henry Wm Wallace of Freeport NY  July 16, 1973

       Gravity is a PUSH!
       United States Patent Number 5,377,936

     In the early 1960s, Erwin Saxl conducted a series of experiments which
     seemed to illustrate a non-zero coupling between EM and gravitational
     fields. He claimed to see a change in the period of a torque pendulum 
     when its electric potential was raised. 

       US Patent # 3357253 -- "Device and Method for Measuring Gravitational
       and Other Forces", awarded to E.J. Saxl, December 1967

       "An Electrically Charged Torque Pendulum", by E.J. Saxl, 
        Nature 203, Page 136, July 11 1963.

     US patent number #5,076,971. 
     Barker places radioactive elements inside the sphere of a
     Van de Graaff generator, runs it at a negative potential for several
     minutes/hours/days -- and finds that the rate of radioactive decay
     is extremely enhanced -- with some relationship to the magnitude of
     the negative potential.  

     The principal investigator undertook a series of experiments to test
     the "Barker effect" and the "Keller Catalytic Process" in changing the
     rate of radioactive decay of heavy elements (elements heavier than
     lead, such as radium, thorium, or uranium, all of which are
     radioactive). Barker claims that subjecting radioactive materials to
     high electrostatic potentials (50,000 volts to 500,000 volts) can
     increase or decrease the rate of radioactive decay, with short
     exposures of the high voltage capable of inducing erratic decay rates
     which slowly return to normal over a period of weeks. Keller claims
     that subjecting radioactive materials to the high heat and fusing
     reaction of a chemical process (Keller Catalytic Process) can
     eliminate the radioactivity completely.
     -- Michael Mandeville   http://www.aa.net/~mwm/dexmrad1.html

     Carr, Otis (1959).  "Amusement Device,"  (i.e. A Flying Saucer), 
     US Patent No. 2,912,244. 

     Otis Carr's work involved counter-rotating charged discs that
     supposedly produced thrust when they reached a certain speed in
     relation the the earth's rotational speed and became activated by
     free energy from space. Maybe he did have something."
     -- James E. Cox  

     Carr's work is similar in some respects to Hooper's inventions. In 
     both cases, an anti-gravitational effect is reported to result 
     from equal and opposite electric currents. Furthermore, one of 
     Hooper's embodiments, the pancake coil, has an uncanny resemblance to 
     the gravitational shielding experiments which were recently conducted 
     in Tampere Finland (1992 and 1995). 
     Except that in the Tampere experiments, the equal and opposite current
     is generated in a superconductor disk by way of the Meissner effect. 
     Will we soon begin to recognize value of the discoveries that 
     Carr made nearly 40 years ago, and Hooper made over 25 years ago? 
     -- Robert Stirniman 
                        ---End of Page 1---
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