Page 7 of 20
Robert Stirniman's
Antigravity Bibliography - 7
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When individual molecules are not permanently magnetized, it is
possible in some cases to have a relative magnetic permeability
u which is less than one. Such a material, like hydrogen or
BISMUTH, is called diamagnetic. It tends to expel magnetic field,
and is repelled from regions of stronger magnetic field. The names
paramagnetic and diamagnetic are sometimes confused: paramagnetic
is analogous to a dielectric in an electric field, while diamagnetic
is quite the opposite.

It is not possible to give a simple argument of why diamagnetism
can occur. it is strictly speaking a quantum effect. However, one
can see that there might be diamagnetic tendencies if electric
currents can flow within molecules. An increasing magnetic field
always tends to induce currents to flow in such a way as to tend
to prevent the increase in the field. This is (at least temporarily)
a diamagnetic kind of effect.

Thus the case where the relative magnetic permeablility  u < 1,
is connected with the flow of electric charges in a magnetic field.
There is no analogous case with electric fields since isolated
magnetic poles do no, so far as is known exist.
- "The New Physics" edited by Paul Davies
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GE engineer Henry Wallace found unusual gravitational effects in
spinning odd atomic nulceide metals. Odd atomic nucleide metals are
those in which the sum of the protons are not equal to the number
of neutrons, i.e. more neutrons. See US patents 3626605 and 3626606.
-Ron Kita
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"Also indicated in the embodiment is the orientation of the flux
within the mass circuit, the latter being constructed preferredly
of BISMUTH."
- Henry Wallace, US patent # 3626605, Method and Apparatus for
Generating a Secondary Gravitational Force Field
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AUTHOR(s):       Uyeda, C.  Yamanaka, T.  Miyako, Y.
TITLE(s):        Magnetic rotation of diamagnetic oxide crystals and
the origin of diamagnetic anistropies.

In:   Physica B.  Condensed matter.
MAY 01 1995 v 211 n 1/4  Page:   342
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A while back I had the need to take a peek at a copy of the periodic
table of elements.  So I grabbed my old, dusty college chemistry book
that I could never quite bring myself to toss.  It's called "Chemical
Principles", published WAY back in 1970. While looking through the
book, I was stunned when I came across a discussion of the possibilities
of new elements.
"What lies ahead for the synthesis of transuranium elements?  Will
there be more radioactive and extremely short-lived species such as
97 through 104?  It now appears as if there is a chance of reaching a
new zone of stability that might even include some none radioactive
elements.  Calculations with nuclear shell models have led to the
expectation that element 114, with 114 protons and 184 neutrons (both
magic numbers in the new shell theory) would be an island of stability
in a sea of instability."
I noted that some information was taken from an article in the April 1969
(pages 57-67) issue of "Scientific American" by Dr. Glenn Seaborg.
half-lives of all the heavyweights.  They predict a fission half-life
for the most stable isotope of 114 of 10 to the 16th years, and a
alpha-decay half-life of 1,000 years.  They didn't go into the same
level of detail for 115, but it looks like the stuff would clock out
considerably sooner by way of beta decay.
BTW, according to the article, the proper terminology to denote an
undiscovered element in a periodic column is the prefix "eka". Therefore
element 115 should be eka-BISMUTH. Lose this Un-un-pentium crap!
- Tom Mahood
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Lazar is not the only one to theorize that the 114/115 area is stable.
Check out the August 31, 1991 issue of New Scientist -- that respected
peer-reviewed periodical. Find Glenn Seaborg's article called "The search
for the missing elements." Seaborg is a renowned scientist who won the
Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1951. He and his research group at the
Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory have discovered 10 of the transuranium
elements. His article is very technical and interesting, and in it he
has two separate graphs that show islands of stability at the 114/115
area. There is a sea of instability around these "islands."
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AUTHOR(s):       Bhattacharyya, S.  Ghoshal, A.  Ghatak, K.P.
TITLE(s):        On the field emission from bismuth in the presence of a
quantizing magnetic field.
In:   Fizika;  a journal of experimental and theoretic
APR 01 1991 v 23 n 2  Page 159

AUTHOR(s):       Byrne, A. P.  Birkental, U.  Hubel, H.
TITLE:           High-Spin States in 205Bi.
In:   Zeitschrift fur Physik.  A,  Atomic nuclei
1989 v 334 n 3  Page: 247

AUTHOR(s):       Vezzoli, G.C.  Chen, M.F. Craver, F.
TITLE(s):        Magnetically-related properties of bismuth containing high
Tc superconductors.
In:   Journal of magnetism and magnetic materials.
AUG 01 1990 v 88 n 3  Page 351

AUTHOR(s):       Bannerjee, D.  Bhattacharya, R.
TITLE(s):        Magnetic Properties of Single Crystals of Bismuth Doped
In:   Physica status solidi.  b:  basic research.
JAN 01 1990 v 157 n 1  Page 443

AUTHOR(s):       Zhilyaev, I. N.
TITLE(s):        Observation of kinetic paramagnetic effect in bismuth in a
transverse magnetic field.
In:   Soviet journal of low temperature physics.
SEP 01 1988 v 14 n 9  Page 502

AUTHOR(s):       Mondal, M.  Banik, S.N.  Ghatak, K.P.
TITLE(s):        Effect of a quantizing magnetic field on the Einstein
relation in bismuth.
JAN 01 1989 v 67 n 1  Page 72

AUTHOR(s):       Zheng, Q.  Zeng, Z.  Lai, W.
TITLE(s):        The influence of Al on the electronic structure and
magnetic properties of doped MnBi with huge enhancement
of Kerr rotation.
In:   Journal of magnetism and magnetic materials.
FEB 01 1992 v 104/107 p 2  Page 1019
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CONDENSED MATTER, ABSTRACT COND-MAT/9601068
From: arghya@mri.ernet.in ("Arghya Taraphder")
Date: Wed, 17 Jan 1996 14:30:54 +0500
The Exotic Barium Bismuthates
Authors: A. Taraphder, Rahul Pandit, H.R. Krishnamurthy, T.V. Ramakrishnan
We review the remarkable properties, including superconductivity,
charge-density-wave ordering, and metal-insulator transitions, of
lead- and potassium-doped barium bismuthate. We discuss some of the
early theoretical studies of these systems. Our recent theoretical
work, on the negative-$U\/$, extended-Hubbard model for these
systems, is also described. Both the large- and intermediate-$U\/$
regimes of this model are examined, using mean-field and
random-phase approximations, particularly with a view to fitting
various experimental properties of these bismuthates. On the basis
of our studies, we point out possibilities for exotic physics in
these systems. We also emphasize the different consequences of
electronic and phonon-mediated mechanisms for the negative $U.\/$ We
show that, for an electronic mechanism, the \secin \,\,phases of
these bismuthates must be unique, with their transport properties
{\it dominated by charge $\pm 2e$ Cooperon bound states}. This can
explain the observed difference between the optical and transport
gaps. We propose other experimental tests for this novel mechanism
of charge transport and comment on the effects of disorder.
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Huston, David L.
The nature and possible significance of the Batamote copper-bismuth-silver
anomaly, Pima County, Arizona / by David L. Huston and Paul K. Theobald.
Washington : U.S. G.P.O. ; Denver, CO : For sale by the Books and Open-File
Reports Section, U.S. Geological Survey, 1990.  v, 19 p. : ill., maps
LC CALL NUMBER: QE75 .B9 no. 1907 (ALTERNATE CLASS QE390.2.C6)
SUBJECTS: Copper ores--Arizona--Batamote Mountains Region.
U.S. Geological Survey bulletin ; 1907

Beck, Sherwin M.
Measured electron conversion ratios for the 1064-keV gamma ray of
bismuth-207, by Sherwin M. Beck.  Washington, National Aeronautics and Space
Administration; [for sale by the Clearinghouse for Federal Scientific and
Technical Information, Springfield, Va.] 1970.  39 p. illus. 27 cm.
LC CALL NUMBER: TL521 .A3525 no. 6057
SUBJECTS: Bismuth--Isotopes. Nuclear counters.
NASA technical note, NASA TN D-6057
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The following is an excerpt from a telephone interview between Stanton
Friedman (F) and Dr. Robert Sarabacher (S). Sarabacher was a prominent,
scientist Wilbert Smith in 1950 and told Smith that that facts in a
recent popular book about a UFO crash at Aztec, New Mexico were
"essentially true" and that UFO's were classified by the US government
2 points higher than the H bomb.  Sarabacher died in July 1986.
Before Sarabacher died, Stanton Friedman did a phone interview with
him. In between Friedmann's attempts to dig more UFO info out of
Sarabacher, there was a lot of small talk, and since Sarabacher was
fairly old, he tended to ramble a bit.  However, a most interesting

F:  Were you guys talking about nuclear powered flight at that time?

S:  Oh, we were possibly, yes, but I held, had certain ideas see,
one of the problems today, we really don't know what gravity is.
We don't know and I had an idea, I'm willing to work on it in one of
my theses but then my professor didn't believe me, but I had
determined that BISMUTH did not obey the laws of gravity.
So I thought that, "Gee, there's a leak". I might be able to get
nature to tell me something.

So where exactly is Bismuth on the Periodic Table of Elements?  Why
directly above where 115 would fall if it exists.  And the way the
table works, (generally speaking) elements in the same column
have similar properties. So, just what the hell was Sarabacher referring
to?  I don't know, but it's sure intriguing! It appears it was back when
he was a grad student, in maybe the 30s or 40s.  Whatever it was, it was
at the very edge of the ability of equipment at the time. Does Bismuth
possess any very subtle anomolous physical properties?
-- Tom Mahood
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In the Wallace patent, #3626606, Figs. 7A and 7B are side views
of a gravity-NEUTRALIZING FLYING SAUCER, or, if anchored to
the ground, a ZERO-GRAVITY CHAMBER. Each oval diagram shows a
motor spinning a central disc at a very high speed, about 28,000
RPM, and also rotating two other discs sandwiched around the
first disc, via gears, at a much slower speed, perhaps 2,800
RPM, in the opposite direction.  The two outer discs have
extensions [counter-balanced via off-center axis] that, as
they rotate, alternately make contact with two wide
extensions from opposite walls of the spacecraft.  The
central disc should have shallow spiral-shaped grooves on
both sides for air-bearings, to allow the needed very close
contact with the two outer discs. Each of the two outer discs
has ONLY ONE [counter-balanced] extension, each one pointed
opposite (180 degrees) the extension of the other disc.
The most important factor making it work is that the
discs, extensions, and outer walls of the spacecraft MUST be
made of any material(s) in which a very large majority of the
atoms are of isotopes having "HALF-INTEGRAL ATOMIC SPINS",
such as copper (3/2).
- Robert E. McElwaine
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AUTHOR(s):       Sun, W.  Stephen, J.T.  Wu, Y.
TITLE(s):        Rotation-Induced Resonance and Second-Order Quadrupolar
Effects on Spin Locking of Half-Integer Quadrupolar
Nuclei.
In:   Journal of magnetic resonance.  series a.
OCT 01 1995 v 116 n 2  Page:   181

AUTHOR(s):       Seliger, J.  Blinc, R.
TITLE(s):        Orientation dependences of quadrupolar spin-lattice
relaxation rates of spin-3/2 nuclei subject to a random
two-site exchange in a high magnetic field: a theoretical
study.
In:   Journal of physics.  Condensed matter :  an Inst
DEC 13 1993 v 5 n 50   Page: 9401
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Thanks for the patent info about Wallace, I got them a few days ago
and found it quite enjoyable. Actually, many people have had this
notion at one time or another, I think Oleg Jefimenko wrote a book
relating to this subject.
-- Keith Nagel

AUTHOR:     Jefimenko, Oleg D.
TITLE:      Electricity and magnetism : an introduction to the theory of
electric and magnetic fields / Oleg D. Jefimenko.
EDITION:    2nd ed.
PUBL.:      Star City, W. Va. : Electret Scientific Co.,
DATE:       1989
SUBJECT:    Electromagnetism
ISBN:       0917406081

AUTHOR:     Jefimenko, Oleg D.
TITLE:      Electrostatic motors; their history, types, and principles of
operation (by) Oleg D. Jefimenko. With many illus., of
which 57 are by David K. Walker.
PUBL.:      Star City (W. Va.) Electret Scientific Co.
DATE:       1973
SUBJECT:    Electrostatic apparatus and appliances

AUTHOR:     Jefimenko, Oleg D.
TITLE:      Causality, electromagnetic induction, and gravitation: a
different approach to the theory of electromagnetic and
gravitational fields" b
PUBL:       Star City [West Virginia] : Electret Scientific Co.,
DATE:       1992.
SUBJECTS:   Electromagnetic fields. Gravitational fields. Causality.
Maxwell Equations.

AUTHOR(s):       Jefimenko, Oleg D.
TITLE(s):        Direct calculation of electric and magnetic forces from
In:   American journal of physics.
JUL 01 1990 v 58 n 7  Page 625

AUTHOR(s):       Jefimenko, Oleg D.
TITLE(s):        Direct calculation of the electric magnetic fields of an
electric point charge moving with constant velocity.
In:   American journal of physics.
JAN 01 1994 v 62 n 1  Page 79

AUTHOR(s):       Jefimenko, Oleg D.
TITLE(s):        Force exerted on a stationary charge by a moving electric
current or by a moving magnet.
In:   American journal of physics.
MAR 01 1993 v 61 n 3  Page 218

AUTHOR(s):       Jefimenko, Oleg D.
TITLE(s):        Retardation and relativity: The case of a moving line
charge.
In:   American journal of physics.
MAY 01 1995 v 63 n 5  Page 454

AUTHOR(s):       Jefimenko, Oleg D.
TITLE(s):        Retardation and relativity; Derivation of Lorentz-Einstein
transformation from retarded integrals for electric and
magnetic fields.
In:   American journal of physics.
MAR 01 1995 v 63 n 3  Page 267

AUTHOR(s):       Jefimenko, Oleg D.
TITLE(s):        Solutions of Maxwell's equations for electric and magnetic
fields in arbitrary media.
In:   American journal of physics.
OCT 01 1992 v 60 n 10  Page 899
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"Anti-Gravity Electronics", H. Aspden, Electroncis & Wireless World,
Jan 1 1989, Vol 95 No 1635
Reinterpretation of Netwon's third law of motion suggests that
it depends upon an electronic action. Electronic interaction
therefore explains the paradoxical anti-gravity properties of
the force precessed gyroscope.

"The Anti-Gravity Puzzle", Mark Ander, Professional Pilot, Aug 1 1989
Exploring the possibility of exceptions to Newton's inverse-square
law of gravity, scientists pursue evidence in strange locations.

"The Latest Antigravity Gossip", Rock & Ice, Nov 1 1994 No 64

"Propulsion by Gyro", Eric Laithwaite, Space, Sep 1989 Vol 5 No 5
In an attempt to reveal the strange, hidden properties of gyroscopes,
Professor Eric Laithwaite explains the physics behind the idea that
a propulsion system could be built using gyros.
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"Negative Mass in General Relativity", H. Bondi, Reviews of Modern
Physics, Vol 29, July 1957, pp 423-428

"Looking for New Gravitational Forces with Antiprotons", M.M. Nieto and
B.E. Bonner, Proceedings RAND Workshop on Anti Proton Science and
Technology, World Scientific, Singapore, 1988 pp 328-341

"Negative and Imaginary Proper Masses", Y.P Terletskii, Paradoxes in
the Theory of Relativity, Plenum, New York 1968, Chapter VI pp 83-115

"Gravitational Coupling of Negative Matter", A. Inomata and D. Peak,
Nuovo Cimento, Vol B63 Sep 1969 pp 132-142

"Negative-Mass Lagging Cores of the Big Bang", B.D. Miller, Astrophysical
Journal, Vol 208, Sep 1976 pp 275-285

"The Cosmological Term, the Shielding of Gravitation and the Negative Mass
Hypothesis", A.A. Baranov, Izvestiya VUZ Fizika, Vol 14 Nov 1971 pp 118-120

"Negative Masses and the Energy-Sources of the Universe", Y.P. Terletskii,
Experimentelle Technik der Physik, Vol 29 April 1981 pp 331-332
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ELECTROMAGNETIC-GRAVITATIONAL CONVERSION CROSS SECTIONS IN EXTERNAL
ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELDS
International Centre for Theoretical Physics, Trieste (Italy).  LONG, HOANG
NGOC  SOA, DANG VAN  TRAN, TUAN A.  SEP. 1994  11 PAGES    DE95-613589
IC-94/285  Avail: CASI HC A03/MF A01 (US Sales Only)
The classical processes: the conversion of photons into gravitons in the
static electromagnetic fields are considered by using Feynman perturbation
techniques. The differential cross sections are presented for the conversion
in the electric field of the flat condenser and the magnetic field of the
solenoid. A numerical evaluation shows that the cross sections may have the
observable value in the present technical scenario.
CASI Accession Number: N95-30637
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I have an excerpt from a paper presented under the auspices of
Northrop Corp. in 1968 that gives an idea of why you would want
to bother with high voltage fields. To achieve the effects described
involved relatively small high voltage. The true electrogravitational
effects are significant at higher E field strength. In any case, this
was only the state of the art in 1968. Their involvement in the B-2
began much later, after considerably more research.

Electroaerodynamics In Supersonic Flow
by M. S. Cahn and G. M. Andrew, Northrop Corporation, Hawthorne, California
Presented at AIAA 6th Aerospace Sciences Meeting, January 22-24, 1968
- Tom Capizzi  (tcapizzi@world.std.com)
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ELECTRO-AERODYNAMICS: Electric charges  are  applied  to  high-speed
vehicles for the purpose of reducing air drag or eliminating
sonic booms.  High-speed ions are projected forward from the
leading edges  of  the  craft,  the  corona glow  propagates
forward and  repels  air  molecules  away  from the oncoming
surfaces, thus a shock wave cannot be mechanically produced.

Sources: Dudley, Horace C., Analog Science Fact & Fiction. "The
Electric Field Rocket", November 1960.

Product Engineering. "Sonic  Boom  Experiments",  Vol. 39,
New York, pp. 35-6, March 11, 1968.

US Patent No. 3,095,167, Dudley.
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The paper entitled the "U.S. Antigravity Squadron" paper appears with
others in the book "ELECTROGRAVITICS SYSTEMS: Reports on a New
Propulsion  Methodology" edited by Thomas Valone (Washington, D.C.:
Integrity Research Institute, 1994);  ISBN 0-9641070-0-7.

In addition to this paper, this book also includes the following:

1) The 1956 paper "Electrogravitics Systems" (prepared by the Special
Weapons Study Unit of Aviation Studies Ltd., a UK-based aviation
industry intelligence firm).  It was declassified from a confidential
status some time prior to 1985 and entered the public domain as a
result of a request I placed through the Wright-Patterson Air Force
Base Technical Library.

2) The 1956 paper "The Gravitics Situation" (prepared by Gravity Rand
Ltd., a division of Aviation Studies Ltd.  This includes six
appendices with papers by various authors including the text from T.
Townsend Brown's 1929 gravitor patent.

3) A paper by Banesh Hoffman entitled "Negative Mass as a
Gravitational Source of Energy in the Quasistellar Radio Sources.

4) A collection of diagrams copied from various patents by T.
Townsend Brown.

You may order a copy from:
Starburst Publications, 1176 Hedgewood Lane,

Also available from Starburst Publications is the book
"Subquantum Kinetics: The Alchemy of Creation" (ISBN 0-9642025-0-6).
Subquantum kinetics is a new approach to microphysical theory
that utilizes concepts from the fields of nonlinear chemical
kinetics, irreversible thermodynamics, and general system
theory, replacing the current mechanistic foundation of physics
with a reaction-kinetic model.  This new approach resolves a
number of problems that plague classical and modern physics also may
provide some insights into the electrogravitic connection that Brown
was researching.  In particular, chapter 9 gives some background
information on Townsend Brown's electrogravitics.
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