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Robert Stirniman's
Antigravity Bibliography - 7

When individual molecules are not permanently magnetized, it is 
    possible in some cases to have a relative magnetic permeability
    u which is less than one. Such a material, like hydrogen or
    BISMUTH, is called diamagnetic. It tends to expel magnetic field,
    and is repelled from regions of stronger magnetic field. The names
    paramagnetic and diamagnetic are sometimes confused: paramagnetic 
    is analogous to a dielectric in an electric field, while diamagnetic 
    is quite the opposite.

    It is not possible to give a simple argument of why diamagnetism
    can occur. it is strictly speaking a quantum effect. However, one
    can see that there might be diamagnetic tendencies if electric 
    currents can flow within molecules. An increasing magnetic field 
    always tends to induce currents to flow in such a way as to tend 
    to prevent the increase in the field. This is (at least temporarily)
    a diamagnetic kind of effect. 

    Thus the case where the relative magnetic permeablility  u < 1,
    is connected with the flow of electric charges in a magnetic field.
    There is no analogous case with electric fields since isolated
    magnetic poles do no, so far as is known exist.
    - "The New Physics" edited by Paul Davies

    GE engineer Henry Wallace found unusual gravitational effects in 
    spinning odd atomic nulceide metals. Odd atomic nucleide metals are 
    those in which the sum of the protons are not equal to the number 
    of neutrons, i.e. more neutrons. See US patents 3626605 and 3626606.
    -Ron Kita 

    "Also indicated in the embodiment is the orientation of the flux
    within the mass circuit, the latter being constructed preferredly
    of BISMUTH." 
    - Henry Wallace, US patent # 3626605, Method and Apparatus for
      Generating a Secondary Gravitational Force Field

    AUTHOR(s):       Uyeda, C.  Yamanaka, T.  Miyako, Y.  
    TITLE(s):        Magnetic rotation of diamagnetic oxide crystals and 
                     the origin of diamagnetic anistropies.                         

               In:   Physica B.  Condensed matter.  
                     MAY 01 1995 v 211 n 1/4  Page:   342  

    A while back I had the need to take a peek at a copy of the periodic
    table of elements.  So I grabbed my old, dusty college chemistry book
    that I could never quite bring myself to toss.  It's called "Chemical
    Principles", published WAY back in 1970. While looking through the 
    book, I was stunned when I came across a discussion of the possibilities 
    of new elements.  
    "What lies ahead for the synthesis of transuranium elements?  Will
    there be more radioactive and extremely short-lived species such as
    97 through 104?  It now appears as if there is a chance of reaching a
    new zone of stability that might even include some none radioactive
    elements.  Calculations with nuclear shell models have led to the
    expectation that element 114, with 114 protons and 184 neutrons (both
    magic numbers in the new shell theory) would be an island of stability
    in a sea of instability."
    I noted that some information was taken from an article in the April 1969 
    (pages 57-67) issue of "Scientific American" by Dr. Glenn Seaborg. 
    In this article, there are excellent graphics showing the expected 
    half-lives of all the heavyweights.  They predict a fission half-life 
    for the most stable isotope of 114 of 10 to the 16th years, and a 
    alpha-decay half-life of 1,000 years.  They didn't go into the same 
    level of detail for 115, but it looks like the stuff would clock out 
    considerably sooner by way of beta decay.  
    BTW, according to the article, the proper terminology to denote an 
    undiscovered element in a periodic column is the prefix "eka". Therefore 
    element 115 should be eka-BISMUTH. Lose this Un-un-pentium crap!  
    - Tom Mahood

    Lazar is not the only one to theorize that the 114/115 area is stable. 
    Check out the August 31, 1991 issue of New Scientist -- that respected 
    peer-reviewed periodical. Find Glenn Seaborg's article called "The search 
    for the missing elements." Seaborg is a renowned scientist who won the 
    Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1951. He and his research group at the 
    Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory have discovered 10 of the transuranium 
    elements. His article is very technical and interesting, and in it he 
    has two separate graphs that show islands of stability at the 114/115 
    area. There is a sea of instability around these "islands." 

    AUTHOR(s):       Bhattacharyya, S.  Ghoshal, A.  Ghatak, K.P.  
    TITLE(s):        On the field emission from bismuth in the presence of a
                     quantizing magnetic field.                                 
               In:   Fizika;  a journal of experimental and theoretic  
                     APR 01 1991 v 23 n 2  Page 159  
    AUTHOR(s):       Byrne, A. P.  Birkental, U.  Hubel, H.  
    TITLE:           High-Spin States in 205Bi.  
               In:   Zeitschrift fur Physik.  A,  Atomic nuclei  
                     1989 v 334 n 3  Page: 247  

    AUTHOR(s):       Vezzoli, G.C.  Chen, M.F. Craver, F.  
    TITLE(s):        Magnetically-related properties of bismuth containing high
                       Tc superconductors.                                        
               In:   Journal of magnetism and magnetic materials.  
                     AUG 01 1990 v 88 n 3  Page 351  
    AUTHOR(s):       Bannerjee, D.  Bhattacharya, R.  
    TITLE(s):        Magnetic Properties of Single Crystals of Bismuth Doped
                       with Lead and Tin.                                         
               In:   Physica status solidi.  b:  basic research.  
                     JAN 01 1990 v 157 n 1  Page 443  
    AUTHOR(s):       Zhilyaev, I. N.  
    TITLE(s):        Observation of kinetic paramagnetic effect in bismuth in a
                       transverse magnetic field.                                 
               In:   Soviet journal of low temperature physics.  
                     SEP 01 1988 v 14 n 9  Page 502  
    AUTHOR(s):       Mondal, M.  Banik, S.N.  Ghatak, K.P.  
    TITLE(s):        Effect of a quantizing magnetic field on the Einstein
                       relation in bismuth.                                       
               In:   Canadian journal of physics.  
                     JAN 01 1989 v 67 n 1  Page 72  
    AUTHOR(s):       Zheng, Q.  Zeng, Z.  Lai, W.  
    TITLE(s):        The influence of Al on the electronic structure and
                       magnetic properties of doped MnBi with huge enhancement 
                       of Kerr rotation.
               In:   Journal of magnetism and magnetic materials.  
                     FEB 01 1992 v 104/107 p 2  Page 1019  

    From: ("Arghya Taraphder")
    Date: Wed, 17 Jan 1996 14:30:54 +0500
    The Exotic Barium Bismuthates
    Authors: A. Taraphder, Rahul Pandit, H.R. Krishnamurthy, T.V. Ramakrishnan
      We review the remarkable properties, including superconductivity,
      charge-density-wave ordering, and metal-insulator transitions, of
      lead- and potassium-doped barium bismuthate. We discuss some of the
      early theoretical studies of these systems. Our recent theoretical
      work, on the negative-$U\/$, extended-Hubbard model for these
      systems, is also described. Both the large- and intermediate-$U\/$
      regimes of this model are examined, using mean-field and
      random-phase approximations, particularly with a view to fitting
      various experimental properties of these bismuthates. On the basis
      of our studies, we point out possibilities for exotic physics in
      these systems. We also emphasize the different consequences of
      electronic and phonon-mediated mechanisms for the negative $U.\/$ We
      show that, for an electronic mechanism, the \secin \,\,phases of
      these bismuthates must be unique, with their transport properties
      {\it dominated by charge $\pm 2e$ Cooperon bound states}. This can
      explain the observed difference between the optical and transport
      gaps. We propose other experimental tests for this novel mechanism
      of charge transport and comment on the effects of disorder.

    Huston, David L.
    The nature and possible significance of the Batamote copper-bismuth-silver
    anomaly, Pima County, Arizona / by David L. Huston and Paul K. Theobald.
    Washington : U.S. G.P.O. ; Denver, CO : For sale by the Books and Open-File
    Reports Section, U.S. Geological Survey, 1990.  v, 19 p. : ill., maps 
    LC CALL NUMBER: QE75 .B9 no. 1907 (ALTERNATE CLASS QE390.2.C6)
    SUBJECTS: Copper ores--Arizona--Batamote Mountains Region.
    U.S. Geological Survey bulletin ; 1907

    Beck, Sherwin M.
    Measured electron conversion ratios for the 1064-keV gamma ray of
    bismuth-207, by Sherwin M. Beck.  Washington, National Aeronautics and Space
    Administration; [for sale by the Clearinghouse for Federal Scientific and 
    Technical Information, Springfield, Va.] 1970.  39 p. illus. 27 cm.
    LC CALL NUMBER: TL521 .A3525 no. 6057
    SUBJECTS: Bismuth--Isotopes. Nuclear counters.
    NASA technical note, NASA TN D-6057

    The following is an excerpt from a telephone interview between Stanton 
    Friedman (F) and Dr. Robert Sarabacher (S). Sarabacher was a prominent, 
    US government scientist who had a secret briefing with Canadian 
    scientist Wilbert Smith in 1950 and told Smith that that facts in a 
    recent popular book about a UFO crash at Aztec, New Mexico were
    "essentially true" and that UFO's were classified by the US government
    2 points higher than the H bomb.  Sarabacher died in July 1986. 
    Before Sarabacher died, Stanton Friedman did a phone interview with
    him. In between Friedmann's attempts to dig more UFO info out of
    Sarabacher, there was a lot of small talk, and since Sarabacher was
    fairly old, he tended to ramble a bit.  However, a most interesting
    statement was made by Sarabacher:

       F:  Were you guys talking about nuclear powered flight at that time?

       S:  Oh, we were possibly, yes, but I held, had certain ideas see,
           one of the problems today, we really don't know what gravity is.
           We don't know and I had an idea, I'm willing to work on it in one of
           my theses but then my professor didn't believe me, but I had
           determined that BISMUTH did not obey the laws of gravity.
           So I thought that, "Gee, there's a leak". I might be able to get
           nature to tell me something.

    So where exactly is Bismuth on the Periodic Table of Elements?  Why
    directly above where 115 would fall if it exists.  And the way the
    table works, (generally speaking) elements in the same column
    have similar properties. So, just what the hell was Sarabacher referring 
    to?  I don't know, but it's sure intriguing! It appears it was back when 
    he was a grad student, in maybe the 30s or 40s.  Whatever it was, it was 
    at the very edge of the ability of equipment at the time. Does Bismuth 
    possess any very subtle anomolous physical properties?  
    -- Tom Mahood

    In the Wallace patent, #3626606, Figs. 7A and 7B are side views
    of a gravity-NEUTRALIZING FLYING SAUCER, or, if anchored to
    the ground, a ZERO-GRAVITY CHAMBER. Each oval diagram shows a 
    motor spinning a central disc at a very high speed, about 28,000
    RPM, and also rotating two other discs sandwiched around the
    first disc, via gears, at a much slower speed, perhaps 2,800
    RPM, in the opposite direction.  The two outer discs have
    extensions [counter-balanced via off-center axis] that, as
    they rotate, alternately make contact with two wide
    extensions from opposite walls of the spacecraft.  The
    central disc should have shallow spiral-shaped grooves on
    both sides for air-bearings, to allow the needed very close
    contact with the two outer discs. Each of the two outer discs 
    has ONLY ONE [counter-balanced] extension, each one pointed
    opposite (180 degrees) the extension of the other disc.
    The most important factor making it work is that the
    discs, extensions, and outer walls of the spacecraft MUST be
    made of any material(s) in which a very large majority of the
    atoms are of isotopes having "HALF-INTEGRAL ATOMIC SPINS",
    such as copper (3/2).  
    - Robert E. McElwaine

    AUTHOR(s):       Sun, W.  Stephen, J.T.  Wu, Y.  
    TITLE(s):        Rotation-Induced Resonance and Second-Order Quadrupolar
                       Effects on Spin Locking of Half-Integer Quadrupolar
               In:   Journal of magnetic resonance.  series a.  
                     OCT 01 1995 v 116 n 2  Page:   181  

    AUTHOR(s):       Seliger, J.  Blinc, R.  
    TITLE(s):        Orientation dependences of quadrupolar spin-lattice
                     relaxation rates of spin-3/2 nuclei subject to a random
                     two-site exchange in a high magnetic field: a theoretical
               In:   Journal of physics.  Condensed matter :  an Inst  
                     DEC 13 1993 v 5 n 50   Page: 9401  

    Thanks for the patent info about Wallace, I got them a few days ago 
    and found it quite enjoyable. Actually, many people have had this 
    notion at one time or another, I think Oleg Jefimenko wrote a book 
    relating to this subject. 
    -- Keith Nagel

    AUTHOR:     Jefimenko, Oleg D.
    TITLE:      Electricity and magnetism : an introduction to the theory of
                electric and magnetic fields / Oleg D. Jefimenko.
    EDITION:    2nd ed.
    PUBL.:      Star City, W. Va. : Electret Scientific Co.,
    DATE:       1989
    SUBJECT:    Electromagnetism
    ISBN:       0917406081

    AUTHOR:     Jefimenko, Oleg D.
    TITLE:      Electrostatic motors; their history, types, and principles of 
                operation (by) Oleg D. Jefimenko. With many illus., of
                which 57 are by David K. Walker.
    PUBL.:      Star City (W. Va.) Electret Scientific Co.
    DATE:       1973
    SUBJECT:    Electrostatic apparatus and appliances                   

    AUTHOR:     Jefimenko, Oleg D.
    TITLE:      Causality, electromagnetic induction, and gravitation: a 
                different approach to the theory of electromagnetic and 
                gravitational fields" b
    PUBL:       Star City [West Virginia] : Electret Scientific Co., 
    DATE:       1992.  
    SUBJECTS:   Electromagnetic fields. Gravitational fields. Causality. 
                Maxwell Equations.

    AUTHOR(s):       Jefimenko, Oleg D. 
    TITLE(s):        Direct calculation of electric and magnetic forces from
               In:   American journal of physics. 
                     JUL 01 1990 v 58 n 7  Page 625 

    AUTHOR(s):       Jefimenko, Oleg D. 
    TITLE(s):        Direct calculation of the electric magnetic fields of an
                     electric point charge moving with constant velocity.  
               In:   American journal of physics. 
                     JAN 01 1994 v 62 n 1  Page 79 

    AUTHOR(s):       Jefimenko, Oleg D. 
    TITLE(s):        Force exerted on a stationary charge by a moving electric
                       current or by a moving magnet.                             
               In:   American journal of physics. 
                     MAR 01 1993 v 61 n 3  Page 218 
    AUTHOR(s):       Jefimenko, Oleg D. 
    TITLE(s):        Retardation and relativity: The case of a moving line
               In:   American journal of physics. 
                     MAY 01 1995 v 63 n 5  Page 454 
    AUTHOR(s):       Jefimenko, Oleg D. 
    TITLE(s):        Retardation and relativity; Derivation of Lorentz-Einstein
                       transformation from retarded integrals for electric and
                       magnetic fields.                                           
               In:   American journal of physics. 
                     MAR 01 1995 v 63 n 3  Page 267 

    AUTHOR(s):       Jefimenko, Oleg D. 
    TITLE(s):        Solutions of Maxwell's equations for electric and magnetic
                       fields in arbitrary media.                                 
               In:   American journal of physics. 
                     OCT 01 1992 v 60 n 10  Page 899 

     "Anti-Gravity Electronics", H. Aspden, Electroncis & Wireless World,
      Jan 1 1989, Vol 95 No 1635
       Reinterpretation of Netwon's third law of motion suggests that
       it depends upon an electronic action. Electronic interaction
       therefore explains the paradoxical anti-gravity properties of
       the force precessed gyroscope.

     "The Anti-Gravity Puzzle", Mark Ander, Professional Pilot, Aug 1 1989
       Exploring the possibility of exceptions to Newton's inverse-square
       law of gravity, scientists pursue evidence in strange locations.

     "The Latest Antigravity Gossip", Rock & Ice, Nov 1 1994 No 64

     "Propulsion by Gyro", Eric Laithwaite, Space, Sep 1989 Vol 5 No 5
       In an attempt to reveal the strange, hidden properties of gyroscopes,
       Professor Eric Laithwaite explains the physics behind the idea that
       a propulsion system could be built using gyros.   

    "Negative Mass in General Relativity", H. Bondi, Reviews of Modern
     Physics, Vol 29, July 1957, pp 423-428

    "Looking for New Gravitational Forces with Antiprotons", M.M. Nieto and
     B.E. Bonner, Proceedings RAND Workshop on Anti Proton Science and
     Technology, World Scientific, Singapore, 1988 pp 328-341

    "Negative and Imaginary Proper Masses", Y.P Terletskii, Paradoxes in
     the Theory of Relativity, Plenum, New York 1968, Chapter VI pp 83-115

    "Gravitational Coupling of Negative Matter", A. Inomata and D. Peak,
     Nuovo Cimento, Vol B63 Sep 1969 pp 132-142

    "Negative-Mass Lagging Cores of the Big Bang", B.D. Miller, Astrophysical
     Journal, Vol 208, Sep 1976 pp 275-285

    "The Cosmological Term, the Shielding of Gravitation and the Negative Mass 
     Hypothesis", A.A. Baranov, Izvestiya VUZ Fizika, Vol 14 Nov 1971 pp 118-120

    "Negative Masses and the Energy-Sources of the Universe", Y.P. Terletskii,
     Experimentelle Technik der Physik, Vol 29 April 1981 pp 331-332

    International Centre for Theoretical Physics, Trieste (Italy).  LONG, HOANG 
    NGOC  SOA, DANG VAN  TRAN, TUAN A.  SEP. 1994  11 PAGES    DE95-613589
    IC-94/285  Avail: CASI HC A03/MF A01 (US Sales Only)
    The classical processes: the conversion of photons into gravitons in the
    static electromagnetic fields are considered by using Feynman perturbation
    techniques. The differential cross sections are presented for the conversion
    in the electric field of the flat condenser and the magnetic field of the 
    solenoid. A numerical evaluation shows that the cross sections may have the
    observable value in the present technical scenario.
    CASI Accession Number: N95-30637

    I have an excerpt from a paper presented under the auspices of 
    Northrop Corp. in 1968 that gives an idea of why you would want 
    to bother with high voltage fields. To achieve the effects described 
    involved relatively small high voltage. The true electrogravitational 
    effects are significant at higher E field strength. In any case, this 
    was only the state of the art in 1968. Their involvement in the B-2 
    began much later, after considerably more research.

    Electroaerodynamics In Supersonic Flow
    by M. S. Cahn and G. M. Andrew, Northrop Corporation, Hawthorne, California
    Presented at AIAA 6th Aerospace Sciences Meeting, January 22-24, 1968
    - Tom Capizzi  (

    ELECTRO-AERODYNAMICS: Electric charges  are  applied  to  high-speed
         vehicles for the purpose of reducing air drag or eliminating
         sonic booms.  High-speed ions are projected forward from the
         leading edges  of  the  craft,  the  corona glow  propagates
         forward and  repels  air  molecules  away  from the oncoming
         surfaces, thus a shock wave cannot be mechanically produced.

    Sources: Dudley, Horace C., Analog Science Fact & Fiction. "The
         Electric Field Rocket", November 1960.

         Product Engineering. "Sonic  Boom  Experiments",  Vol. 39,
         New York, pp. 35-6, March 11, 1968.

         US Patent No. 3,095,167, Dudley.

    The paper entitled the "U.S. Antigravity Squadron" paper appears with
    others in the book "ELECTROGRAVITICS SYSTEMS: Reports on a New
    Propulsion  Methodology" edited by Thomas Valone (Washington, D.C.:
    Integrity Research Institute, 1994);  ISBN 0-9641070-0-7.

    In addition to this paper, this book also includes the following:

    1) The 1956 paper "Electrogravitics Systems" (prepared by the Special
    Weapons Study Unit of Aviation Studies Ltd., a UK-based aviation
    industry intelligence firm).  It was declassified from a confidential
    status some time prior to 1985 and entered the public domain as a
    result of a request I placed through the Wright-Patterson Air Force
    Base Technical Library.

    2) The 1956 paper "The Gravitics Situation" (prepared by Gravity Rand
    Ltd., a division of Aviation Studies Ltd.  This includes six
    appendices with papers by various authors including the text from T.
    Townsend Brown's 1929 gravitor patent.

    3) A paper by Banesh Hoffman entitled "Negative Mass as a
    Gravitational Source of Energy in the Quasistellar Radio Sources.

    4) A collection of diagrams copied from various patents by T.
    Townsend Brown.

    You may order a copy from: 
    Starburst Publications, 1176 Hedgewood Lane,  
    Schenectady NY 12309, USA  

    Also available from Starburst Publications is the book 
    "Subquantum Kinetics: The Alchemy of Creation" (ISBN 0-9642025-0-6).  
    Subquantum kinetics is a new approach to microphysical theory 
    that utilizes concepts from the fields of nonlinear chemical 
    kinetics, irreversible thermodynamics, and general system 
    theory, replacing the current mechanistic foundation of physics 
    with a reaction-kinetic model.  This new approach resolves a
    number of problems that plague classical and modern physics also may
    provide some insights into the electrogravitic connection that Brown
    was researching.  In particular, chapter 9 gives some background
    information on Townsend Brown's electrogravitics.
                        ---End of Page 7---
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