Back to Main Links Page
Page 11 of 20
Robert Stirniman's
Antigravity Bibliography - 11

From: (John Sangster, SPHINX Technologies)
    Subject: Weight Reduction in Spinning Masses
    Date: Fri, 3 Nov 1995 06:04:35 GMT

    Recently Hideo Hayasaka and Sakae Takeuchi of the Engineering Faculty at 
    Tohoku University in Japan have published an experimental result of this 
    sort. They found that gyroscopes spinning clockwise as seen from above, at
    their location, exhibited a decrease in relative mass of 5.07 x 10^-5
    and 4.22 x 10^-5 respectively for the two gyroscope configurations studied.
    (Weight was multiplied by 1-e where e is the relative factors given above,
    if I haven't botched up in my arithmetic.)  The effect as plotted in the
    paper I saw appears to be perfectly linear to within reasonable experimental
    error, thus giving a rotational velocity at which the weight would go to
    zero which I made out to be 3.27 MHz (million rotations per second) in the
    first case and 3.95 MHz in the second.
    That was with CLOCKWISE rotation as seen from above.  With COUNTERclockwise
    rotation, the same experimental setup showed ZERO EFFECT.  Zip.  Nada.
    Nichts.  Nyechevo.  You get the idea.  For one thing, this result makes it
    almost certain that they are NOT dealing with bad lab technique.  Not to
    mention the fact that they spent nearly a year and a half going over and
    over their setup and trying to answer all objections by the reviewers of
    their Physical Review Letters paper (it eventually appeared in PRL 
    (63 2701)). As far as I know, nobody has published a theoretical model 
    that accounts for these observations.  The idea of a physical phenomenon 
    that appears only in one direction of rotation is rather unprecedented. 
    I know of only one other mathematical/physical phenomenon that does this, 
    and I'm trying to understand how the two might be related, but without 
    success as yet.
    -- John Sangster

    Physicist Alex Harvey wrote an article about the 
    Hayakawa-Taguechi experiment. The article was published in: 
     Nature, Aug 23 1990, Vol 346 Page 705 

    You'll also find other references there. Harvey shows
    mathematically that an angular momentum vector aligned
    antiparallel to the local gravitational field violates the
    equivalence principle. He also shows that the path of a
    spinning body under gravity need not be geodesic. Here are
    two "holes" in GR that seem to account for the behavior of
    H & T's gyros. New experiments should be designed to force
    the asymmetry to appear, as predicted by theory, rather than
    passively leave the results to chance.
    There is a dimensional error of Hayasaka and Takeuchi 
    which CAN be corrected by supplying a quantity that restores 
    proper dimensionality. In simplest terms, H and T's result 
    looks like: { deltaN = - (proportionality constant) m w r }
    where deltaN is the weight change in Newtons, m is the mass 
    of the rotor in kg, w is the rotation frequency in angular 
    units and r is the radius of the rotor in meters. The units 
    of the missing quantity are radians per second. The rotation, 
    w, has already been counted. The missing quantity is the 
    precession, Wp. With clockwise rotation, the vector J 
    points down the spin axis, while the precession vector, 
    Wp, points up the spin axis. 
    Physicist Alex Harvey, writing about H and T's results,
    confirmed that there is no (symmetrical) weight gain, no
    effect at all, with counter-clockwise rotation, J (up).
    In this case, says Harvey, "[J] is parallel to the
    gravitational field." 

    AUTHOR(s):       Harvey, Alex 
    TITLE(s):        Complex Transformation of the Kasner Metric. 
               In:   General relativity and gravitation. 
                     OCT 01 1989 v 21 n 10  Page 1021 

    AUTHOR(s):       Harvey, Alex 
    TITLE(s):        Cosmological models. 
               In:   American journal of physics. 
                     OCT 01 1993 v 61 n 10  Page 901 
    AUTHOR(s):       Harvey, Alex 
    TITLE(s):        Identities of the scalars of the four-dimensional
                     Riemannian manifold.                                       
               In:   Journal of mathematical physics. 
                     JAN 01 1995 v 36 n 1  Page 356 

    AUTHOR(s):       Harvey, Alex 
    TITLE(s):        Will the Real Kasner Metric Please Stand Up. 
               In:   General relativity and gravitation. 
                     DEC 01 1990 v 22 n 12  Page 1433

    > Maybe I've missed it, but I've looked seriously, and there seems 
    > to be no information in undergraduate or graduate level physics
    > reference books which mentions the relationship between
    > macroscopic and microscopic angular momentum -- much less 
    > provides any analysis or explanation linking quantum angular 
    > momentum to macroscopic angular momentum. 

    You're catching on.  The subject of compound angular momentum, or 
    internal and external angular momentum, or intrinsic and extrinsic 
    angular momentum has been a repressed subject for about 2 and half 
    decades.  Add to that list, spherical pendulums, Coriolis effect, 
    except as applied to balistics and meteorology as used by the US military, 
    and Shafer's pendulum, that neat little device used as the artifical 
    horizon of aircraft.

    > How does quantum angular momentum become organized from a 
    > microscopic to a macroscopic level? Has anyone ever published 
    > any work about this? I can't find any.

    There isn't any that I know of, though back in the late fifties, there 
    was a fellow named Edward Condon at the University of Colorado who was 
    fairly proficient on the subject. So much so that he wrote the rotational 
    dynamics section, called noninertial dynamics at the time, of the 
    reference "The Handbook of Physics" which he also co-edited (Chapter 5).   
    I don't recall offhand who the publisher was (Harcourt/Brace?), though 
    it was endorsed by the American Institute of Physics.
    Later, when Mr Condon was the head of the USAF project 'Blue Book', he 
    labored to supress his own work when the directive was handed down from 
    the Navy's Turtle Island project.
    -- James Youlton

    In the Barnett effect a long iron cylinder, when rotated at high
    speed about its longitudinal axis, is found to develop a measurable
    component of magnetization, the value of which is proportional to
    the angular speed. The effect is attributed to the influence of the
    impressed rotation upon the revolving electronics systems due to
    the mass property of the unpaired electrons within the atoms.
    -- Henry Wallace

    Barnett, S.J., "Magnetization By Rotation," The American Physical Society,
    Second Series, vol. VI, No. 2, Jun., 1915, pp. 171-172.

    Barnett, S.J., "Magnetization By Rotation," The Physical Review, Second
    Series, vol. VI., No. 4, Oct., 1915, pp. 239-270.

    The Barnett Effect is known to me as the effect of a change in 
    volume of a magnetic material in response to a change in it's 
    magnetization strength. If a ferrite material is exposed to a 
    higher magnetization field (more current through the coil) the 
    ferritd will change in volume. I was not aware that this has anything 
    to do with alignment to a spinning axis. For further information about 
    this aspect of the Barnett effect, see: Ref. Handbook of Magnetic 
    Phenomena, by Harry S Burk, Van Nostrand Reinhold  1986  Page 262.
    -- William Clymer
    Magnetic systems with competing interactions : frustrated spin systems /
    edited by H.T. Diep.  Singapore ; River Edge, N.J. : World Scientific, c1994.
    xiv, 335 p. : ill. ; 24 cm.
    LC CALL NUMBER: QC754.2.S75 M34 1994
    SUBJECTS: Magnetization. Rotational motion. Spin waves. Ferromagnetism.
     Nonlinear phenomena and chaos in magnetic materials / P.E. Wigen --
     Some nonlinear effects in magnetically ordered materials / H. Suhl --
     Spin-wave instability processes in ferrites / M. Chen & C.E. Patton --
     Spin-wave dynamics in a ferrimagnetic sphere: experiments and models / P.H.
     Bryant, D.C. Jeffries, & K. Nakamura -- Spin-wave auto-oscillations in YIG
     spheres driven by parallel pumping and subsidiary resonance / S.M. Rezende 
     & A. Azevedo -- Strong chaos in magnetic resonance / M. Warden --
     Magnetostatic modes in thin films / R.D. McMichael & P.E. Wigen -- Fractal
     properties in magnetic crystal / H. Yamazaki -- Spin-wave envelope solitons
     in magnetic films / A.N. Slavin, B.A. Kalinikos, & N.G. Korshikov.
    ISBN:  9810210051

    Hence the Wilson-Blackett proportionality between the angular 
    momentum of planets, stars etc and their magnetic moment. 
    For more information see Science News Aug 6 '94 p82.
    AUTHOR(s):  Bloxham, Jeremy  Gubbins, David  
    TITLE(s):   The Evolution of the Earth's Magnetic Field.  
    Summary:    The origin of the field has fascinated more than a dozen
                  generations of physicists. Molten iron in the outer core,
                  driven by convection and influenced by the earth's
                  rotation, acts as a dynamo that generates the field. Now
                  historical records of magnetic-field changes yield new
                  insights into the process and into how the field may behave
                  in the future.                                             
                In:   Scientific American. DEC 01 1989 v 261 n 6  Page 68  

    AUTHOR(s):   Malov, I.F.  
    TITLE(s):    Angle between the magnetic field and the rotation axis in
                 In:   Soviet astronomy.  
                 MAR 01 1990 v 34 n 2  Page 189  

    AUTHOR(s):   Marsheva, N. M.  
    TITLE(s):    Permanent rotation of a heavy rigid body in a magnetic
                  In:   Moscow university mechanics bulletin.  1989 v 44 n 1  

    AUTHOR(s):   Vitale, S.  Bonaldi, M.  Falferi, P.  
    TITLE:       Magnetization by rotation and gyromagnetic gyroscopes.  
    Summary:     We discuss how the general phenomenon of magnetization by
                   rotation may be used probe the angular velocity of the
                   laboratory with respect to a local frame of inertia. We
                   show that gyroscope with no moving parts based on this
                   In:   Physical review  B:  Condensed matter.  
                     JUN 01 1989 v 39 n 16 p B  Page 11993  

    From: Erwin Frey 
    Date: Fri, 22 Sep 1995 09:43:52 +0200
    Critical Dynamics of Magnets
       Authors: Erwin Frey , Franz Schwabl (TU Muenchen)
       Comments: Review article (154 pages, figures included)
         We review our current understanding of the critical dynamics of
         magnets above and below the transition temperature with focus on the
         effects due to the dipole--dipole interaction present in all real
         magnets. Significant progress in our understanding of real
         ferromagnets in the vicinity of the critical point has been made in
         the last decade through improved experimental techniques and
         theoretical advances in taking into account realistic spin-spin
         interactions. We start our review with a discussion of the
         theoretical results for the critical dynamics based on recent
         renormalization group, mode coupling and spin wave theories. A
         detailed comparison is made of the theory with experimental results
         obtained by different measuring techniques, such as neutron
         scattering, hyperfine interaction, muon--spin--resonance,
         electron--spin--resonance, and magnetic relaxation, in various
         materials. Furthermore we discuss the effects of dipolar interaction
         on the critical dynamics of three--dimensional isotropic
         antiferromagnets and uniaxial ferromagnets. Special attention is
         also paid to a discussion of the consequences of dipolar
         anisotropies on the existence of magnetic order and the spin--wave
         spectrum in two--dimensional ferromagnets and antiferromagnets. We
         close our review with a formulation of critical dynamics in terms of
         nonlinear Langevin equations.

    Paper: cond-mat/9501029
    From: Kazuhiro Kuboki 
    Date: Mon, 09 Jan 1995 10:40:11 EST
       Title: Proximity-induced time-reversal symmetry breaking at Josephson
       junctions between unconventional superconductors
       Author: Kazuhiro Kuboki and Manfred Sigrist
         We argue that a locally time-reversal symmetry breaking state can
         occur at Josephson junctions between unconventional superconductors.
         Order parameters induced by the proximity effect can combine with
         the bulk order parameter to form such a state. This property is
         specifically due to the intrinsic phase structure of the pairing
         wave function in unconventional superconductors. Experimental
         consequences of this effect in high-temperature superconductors are
    Paper: cond-mat/9501088
    From: David Benedict Bailey 
    Date: Thu, 19 Jan 1995 11:34:10 -0800 (PST)
       Title: Gapless Time-Reversal Symmetry Breaking Superconductivity
       Authors: A. M. Tikofsky and D. B. Bailey
         We consider a layered superconductor with a complex order parameter
         whose phase switches sign from one layer to the next. This system is
         shown to exhibit gapless superconductivity for sufficiently large
         interlayer pairing or interlayer hopping. In addition, this
         description is consistent with experiments finding signals of
         time-reversal symmetry breaking in high-temperature superconductors
         only at the surface and not in the sample bulk.
    Paper: cond-mat/9501133
    From: (Lev Ioffe)
    Date: Mon, 30 Jan 95 08:59:22 EST
       Title: On the spin density wave transition in a two dimensional spin
       Authors: B. L. Altshuler, L. B. Ioffe, A. I. Larkin, A. J. Millis.
         Strongly correlated two dimensional electrons are believed to form a
         spin liquid in some regimes of density and temperature. As the
         density is varied, one expects a transition from this spin liquid
         state to a spin density wave antiferromagnetic state. In this paper
         we show that it is self-consistent to assume that this transition is
         second order and, on this assumption, determine the critical
         behavior of the 2p_F susceptibility, the NMR rates T1 and T2
         and the uniform susceptibility. We compare our results to data on
         high Tc materials.

    Paper: gr-qc/9502041
    From: Barry Haddow 
    Date: Fri, 24 Feb 1995 18:59:15 (GMT)
       Title: Purely Magnetic Spacetimes
       Author: Barry Haddow (Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland)
         Purely magnetic spacetimes, in which the Riemann tensor satisfies
         R_{abcd}u^bu^d=0 for some unit timelike vector u^a, are studied.
         The algebraic consequences for the Weyl and Ricci tensors are
         examined in detail and consideration given to the uniqueness of
         u^a. Some remarks concerning the nature of the congruence
         associated with u^a are made.

    Paper: cond-mat/9502103
    From: (Debnarayan Jana)
    Date: Fri, 24 Feb 95 11:23:21+050
       Title: Universal Diamagnetism of Charged Scalar Fields
       Authors: Debnarayan Jana
         We show that charged scalar fields are always diamagnetic, even in
         the presence of interactions and at finite temperatures. This
         generalises earlier work on the diamagnetism of charged spinless
         bosons to the case of infinite degrees of freedom.
     "CP Violation and Antigravity Revisited", G. Chardin, Nuclear Physics,
      Jun 7 1993, Vol 558

     "Equivalence Principal Violation, Antigravity and Anyons Induced by
      Gravitational Chern-Simons Couplings", S. Deser, Classical and Quantum
      Gravity, 1992, Vol 9 Supp

     "The Arguments Against Antigravity and the Gravitational Acceleration
      of Anti-Matter", Michael Martin, Physics Reports, Jul 1 1991, Vol 205

     "Empirical Limits to Antigravity", Ericson & Richter, Europhysics Letters,
      Feb 15 1990, Vol 11 no 4

     "Chern-Simons Quantizations of (2+1) Anti-de Sitter Gravity on a Torus",
      K. Ezawa, Classical and Quantum Gravity, Feb 1 1995 Vol 12 No 2

     "Green's Function for Anti-de Sitter Space Gravity", Gary Kleppe, 
      Physical Review d: Particles, Fields, Gravity; Dec 15 1994 Vol 50 No 12

     "Lowest Eigenvalues of the Energy Operator for Totally Anti Symmetric
      Massless Fields of the N-Dimensional Anti-de Sitter Group", R.R. Metsaev,
      Classical and Quantum Gravity, Nov 1 1994, Vol 11 No 11

     "The Positivity of Energy for Asymptotically Anti-de Sitter Spacetimes",
      E. Woolgar, Classical and Quantum Gravity, Jul 1 1994, Vol 11 No 7

     "Vacuum Polarization Near Asymptotically Anti-de Sitter Black Holes
      in Odd Dimensions", Shiraishi & Maki, Classical and Quantum Gravity, 
      Jul 1 1994, Vol 11 No 7

     "Strong Anti Gravity: Life in the Shock Wave", Fabbrichesi & Roland,
      Nuclear Physics B, Dec 21 1992, Vol 388 No 2

     "Global Solutions of Yang-Mills Equations on Anti-de Sitter Spacetime",
      Choquet-Bruhat, Classical and Quantum Gravity, Dec 1 1989, Vol 6 No 12

     "The Scalar Wave Equation on Static de Sitter and Anti-de Sitter 
      Spacetimes", D. Polarski, Classical and Quantum Gravity, Jun 1 1989

     "Lehman Representation of the Spinor Two-Point Function in Anti-de Sitter
      Space", E. Gath, Classical and Quantum Gravity, May 1 1989, Vol 6 no 5


    Dr. Bernhard Haisch has modeled inertial mass as deriving from an 
    accelerated body's interaction with the zero point field (ZPF), 
    consonant with a large body of refereed physics literature.

    Haisch in Feb 1994 Phys. Rev. A
    Science vol 263 p 612 
    Scientific American vol 270, p 30
    New Scientist 25 Feb 1995 p 30

     "Gravity as a Zero-Point-Fluctuation Force," H.E. Puthoff, Physical
      Review A: General Physics. Mar 1 1989, Vol39 No 5

    The 4 February 1994 issue of Science magazine has an article
    about a new theory of inertia. A recent paper by Bernhard Haisch,
    Alfonso Rueda and Hal Puthoff in the 1 Feb 1994 issue of Physical
    Review A, based on earlier work by Andrei Sakharov, derives inertia
    from quantum electromagnetic vacuum fluctuations. The idea is that if
    inertia is due to some strange quantum EM effects, it might be
    understood and controlled, and even neutralized. 
            Haisch is at the Lockheed Palo Alto laboratories, Rueda, at
    Cal. State. Long Beach, and Puthoff at the Institute for Advanced
    Studies in Austin Texas. Needless to say, this new theory is serious, 
    but very controversial physics. A test is planned later this year at 
    the SLAC linear accelerator by exposing a high energy electron beam to 
    terawatt laser. Keep tuned!
    -- John H. Chalmers Jr

    A recent controversial theory of Austin Institute for Advanced Study
    physicist Hal Puthoff and his collaborators Haisch and Rueda appears
    to explain gravity as not an intrinsic property of matter but as an
    indirect consequence of Maxwellian electromagnetic radiation, namely
    that (as earlier suggested by the late Russian dissenter Sakharov)
    gravity is a "shadow effect" similar to the Casimir Effect of quantum
    electrodynamics.  Bass points out that if the Haisch-Puthoff-Rueda
    theory is correct then Hodowanec's idea of tapping the earth's gravity
    field in some electromagnetic way not hitherto suggested is conceivable.
    - Joel McClain

    Puthoff and his collaborators have gone so far as to use SED (Stochastic
    Electro-Dynamics) to _explain_ both gravitational & inertial mass and 
    to show their equivalence, and to derive Newton's F = Ma, and to derive
    Mach's principle (without which Einstein admitted that no theory of
    gravity could claim to be complete), and to derive Dirac's "cosmological
    numerical coincidences" as inevitabilities, and to derive Newtonian
    gravity, and to derive the Newton-Cavendish parameter G!!!  
    -- Robert Bass     

    It is an amazing coincidence that the total Newtonian gravitational
    potential energy of any object due to all masses in the universe is
    equal in magnitude to its total energy, at least to within a small
    factor, considering that this involves an expression involving multiple
    factors of the order of 10 to the 40th power.
    This was pointed out by Dirac in his Large Numbers Hypothesis, and used
    as part of a beautiful illustrative theory by Dennis Sciama [1], in
    which he constructs a theory of gravity closely analogous to the
    classical theory of electromagnetism, and shows that inertia can be
    directly attributed to the gravitational effect of accelerating relative
    to the gravitational potential sources of the whole universe (or indeed
    of accelerating the whole universe relative to the object, because in
    Sciama's theory, the two points of view are equivalent).  This theory
    is obviously consistent with Mach's Principle (which is effectively that
    inertial motion is in some sense relative to the rest of universe).
    Sciama's theory is only a simplified approximation, but it is so neat
    that it seems likely that some similar principle must apply also within
    General Relativity.  However, one of its most basic implications is
    that the gravitational "constant" G would depend on the distribution
    of matter in the universe, which seems to be in direct conflict with
    GR.  I personally think GR is probably not quite right.
    -- Jonathan Scott

    [1]  D.W.Sciama, "On the Origin of Inertia", M.N.R.A.S. Vol. 113, p34,

    From: "Haret Rosu" 
    Date: 3 Dec 94 19:36:00 CST
    Classical and quantum inertia: a heuristic introduction,
       Author(s): Haret C. Rosu
       Report: IFUG-27/94,
       Comments: 20 pages, LaTex 11pt, no figures.
         A non-technical discussion of the problem of inertia is provided
         both in classical physics and in the quantum world. After briefly
         reviewing the classical formulations (WEP, EEP, and SEP), I pass to
         a presentation of the equivalence statements for quantum vacuum
         states. One can also find a number of related comments and
                        ---End of Page 11---
    Back to Main Links Page                    To Stirniman AG Bibliography - Page 12