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The Biefeld-Brown Effect

Some years ago, Professor Biefeld outlined to his student, Townsend Brown, certain experiments which led to the discovery of the phenomenon now known as the Biefeld-Brown effect.
Further, these experiments helped to define the inter-relationship of electrical and gravitational fields. This coupling effect parallels electricity and magnetism.

This means that from the technical and commercial aspects, the Biefeld-Brown effect has potentialities for future development and exploitation at least as great as the present electrical industry -probably much more so!

Consider that electromagnetism is basic to electric generators and motors, power production and distribution, radio, television, radar, telephones, etc., and is indispensibly linked to all forms of commercial and other types of transportation. Then it can be easily seen that the possibility of a parallel development in the electrogravitational phenomena has almost unlimited prospects !!! The original experiments conducted by Townsend Brown, as suggested by Professor Biefeld, concerned the behavior of a condenser when charged with electricity. The first startling result was that if placed in a free suspension with the poles horizontal, the condenser, when electrically charged, showed a forward thrust toward the positive pole !!! When the polarity was reversed, it caused a reversal of the direction of thrust.
The experiment was set up in this manner:

#1 Capacitor #2 Capacitor

The gravity-control effect of vertical thrust is demonstrated by balancing a condenser on a beam balance and then charging it.
Upon charging, if the positive pole is pointed upward, the condenser moves upward. Conversely, if the charge is reversed, and the positive pole is pointed downward, the condenser thrusts down.
The experiment is set up as follows:

#3 Capacitor #4 Capacitor

These two simple experiments demonstrate what is now known as the Biefeld-Brown effect. This then is a method of eventually controlling gravity for man's use.

The intensity or magnitude of the effect is determined by five known factors, namely:

  1. The separation of the plates of the condenser - the closer the plates, the greater the effect.

  2. The ability of the material between the plates to store electrical energy in the form of elastic stress.
    A measure of this ability is called the 'K' factor of the material. The higher the 'K', the greater the Biefeld-Brown effect.

  3. The area of the condenser plates - the greater area giving the greater effect.

  4. The voltage difference between the plates - the greater the voltage, the greater the effect.

  5. The mass of the material between the plates - the greater the mass, the greater the effect.

It is this fifth factor which is unexplainable from the electromagnetic aspect, and which apparently provides the connection with gravitation.

Now that the basic concept of electrogravitation has been presented in the form of the Biefeld-Brown effect, we can now present the refinements necessary to accomplish the desired goal of a vehicle powered by a gravity-control (antigravity) mechanism.

The Earth creates and is surrounded with a gravitational field which approaches zero as we go deeper and deeper into space. This field 'presses' objects and people towards the Earth's surface, and therefore 'presses our conjectured vehicle to the ground. However, thru the utilization of the Biefeld-Brown effect, our vehicle can generate an electrogravitational field of its own which modifies the Earth's gravity field.

This generated field acts like a wave, with the negative pole at the top of the wave, and the positive pole at the bottom. Our vehicle travels like a surfboard on the incline of a wave that is kept continually moving by the vehicle's electrogravitational generator. Since the orientation of the field can be controlled, the vehicle can thus travel on its own continuously generated wave in any desired angle or direction of flight !

The method of controlling the flight of the vehicle is illustrated by the following simple diagrams showing the charge variations necessary to accomplish all directions of flight:

Townsend T. Brown Patents

300,311 - T.T.Brown (Nov. 15, 1928) A Method of and an Apparatus or Machine for Producing Force or Motion

1,974,483 - T.T.Brown (Sep. 25, 1934) Electrostatic Motor

2,949,550 - T.T.Brown (Aug. 16, 1960) Electrokinetic Apparatus

3,022,430 - T.T.Brown (Feb. 20, 1962) Electrokinetic Generator

3,187,206 - T.T.Brown (June 1, 1965) Electrokinetic Apparatus

3,296,491 - T.T.Brown (Jan. 3, 1967) Method and Apparatus for Producing Ions and Electrically-Charged Aerosols

3,518,462 T.T.Brown June 30, 1970 Fluid Flow Control System

See Here for the Official Townsend T. Brown
Web Site with many top-notch documents available.

Dr. Edwin Saxl - Electrified Pendulum

An interesting experiment conducted by Dr. Edwin Saxl and reported in Nature Magazine seemingly utilized the same connection between electricity and gravity that the Biefeld-Brown effect uses.

In his experiment, Dr. Saxl placed a torque pendulum inside an electrified cage. The cage was electrically charged with voltages varying from 0 to 5000 volts. With these conditions, the period of the pendulum was noted to decrease as the voltage increased.

Since the period of a pendulum is directly proportional to the gravitational constant, the conclusion is that gravity and/or mass was decreased within the statically charged cage.


Eric Laithwaite, Emeritus Professor of Heavy Electrical Engineering at Imperial College, London, died on November 27, 1997 aged 76. He was born on June 14, 1921.

At the age of 76, at a time when many emeritus professors have long since hung up their gowns, Eric Laithwaite was happily working, like a schoolboy with a Meccano set, on the biggest project of his life - a huge working model of a futuristic rocket launcher.

America's National Aeronautics and Space Administration had commissioned him to develop a concept worthy of Ian Fleming's Dr No - a five-mile long track to be tunnelled up the inside of a 10,000 ft mountain, hurtling a space capsule along the track and out through the summit into Earth orbit. The power was to come not from conventional rockets but from the love of Laithwaite's life - linear motors.

Ever since 1947 Laithwaite had been known as 'The father of the linear motor'; however, as he constantly pointed out, he did not invent it, he simply rediscovered it.
'The linear motor is no more than an ordinary electric motor spread out, but it can create a magnetic river capable of providing friction-free travel', he told 1950s television audiences.

Within a few years he had designed the world's first magnetically levitating high-speed train; and such was the force of his personality that he managed to persuade the Government of the day to back it with 5 million. A mile of track was built and a full-scale levitating locomotive tested. It was one of the last great all-British postwar investments in high-tech engineering, but it was abandoned.

'He was devastated', observed the Science Museum historian Brian Bowers, 'but it did not dampen his inventiveness.'

For Laithwaite it was a crossroads. Having pinned his future on magnetic levitation, in his early fifties, he had to turn to other things. He threw himself into writing learned books on the linear motor and popular ones on invention; he renewed his childhood passion for butterflies (at his death he had one of the country's largest private collections of specimens); he became a familiar figure on radio and television, where his engaging enthusiasm rapidly made him Britain's best-known engineer of the day.

It was his fame, however, that was to lead indirectly to his downfall, in the eyes of many of his colleagues. As Britain's first media engineer, he attracted the interest of a small army of amateur inventors. Many popular scientists are profoundly irritated by this sort of attention, often binning what they regard as 'crank' letters.

But not Laithwaite. One letter, in particular, caught his eye: in it an amateur inventor described a wheeled device which apparently contravened Newton's Third Law of Motion - It moved without any power to the wheels or any thrust. Intrigued, Laithwaite invited the inventor, Alex Jones, to Imperial College. The device Jones brought was powered by a simple gyroscope and it moved forward on Laithwaite's bench with ease.

'Alex showed me something I could not explain, so I just had to investigate it. It was sheer curiosity, like Alice following the White Rabbit', Laithwaite was to say later. He spent the next few years immersing himself in the specialised world of gyroscopes, gradually convincing himself that they did break known scientific laws, and that they might be a hitherto unrecognised source of preternatural power. So, when he was invited to give the Faraday Lecture at the Royal Institution, he knew exactly what to show his august audience.

He brought with him an array of gyroscopes - from toy ones that balanced on model Eiffel towers, to a huge 50lb one that he spun up and raised effortlessly above his head with one hand. 'Look', he exclaimed to the assembled dignitaries, 'It's lost weight!'

Ignoring their evident shock at such a heretical claim, he pressed on to his final demonstration - two spinning gyroscopes mounted on kitchen scales, which he claimed had also lost weight.

'I thought my fellow scientists would be genuinely interested, so I wasn't prepared for the utter hostility of their reaction', Laithwaite recalled later. For the first time in its history, the Royal Institution failed to publish the Faraday Lecture that year. Laithwaite's nomination for the Fellowship of the Royal Society was cancelled.

He retired from Imperial College in 1981 pretty much in disgrace. But he never lost his fascination for gyroscopes. 'None of my critics could ever explain to me how a 50lb spinning wheel loses weight', he said. He teamed up with Bill Dawson, a fellow electrical engineer and businessman, and spent the last years of his life experimenting with a variety of complex gyroscopic rigs, finally proving to his satisfaction that they could produce 'Mass Transfer' - a brand new thrust-less propulsion system. In 1993 he applied for a patent on a gyroscopic space-drive; typically,he had built the demonstration model out of his childhood Meccano set.

In September 1996, however, two Nasa scientists arrived at his Sussex University laboratory, and his life went full circle. They were looking for a new way of getting spacecraft into earth orbit, thought of linear motors, and headed straight for the world expert.
'I showed them all the magic of magnetic levitation', said Laithwaite happily, 'and they gave me the contract.'
He was working on Maglifter when he collapsed - and subsequently passed on.

Reprinted from the online version of the London Times

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