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Page 4 of 20
Robert Stirniman's
Antigravity Bibliography - 4
               -------------------------------------

Jorge Pullin 
    Wed, 1 Feb 1995 22:55:17 -0500 (EST)
    Matters of Gravity, a newsletter for the gravity community
    Author: Jorge Pullin (PSU), editor.

    Loops, knots, gauge theories and quantum gravity 
    Rodolfo Gambini and Jorge Pullin ; foreword by Abhay Ashtekar.
    New York: Cambridge University Press, 1996.
    Cambridge monographs on mathematical physics
    ISBN 0-521-47332-2 (hc)
    -----------------------------------------------------------------     

    A number of reports which have been prepared for the USAF are publicly
    available, These reports can be obtained from the "Defense Technical 
    Information Center" (DTIC). Cameron Station, Alexandria VA 22304, 800-225-3842

    Cravens D.L., "Electric Propulsion Study", Prepared for the Astronautics 
    Laboratory, Air Force Space Technology Center, at Edwards AFB. August 1990. 
    AL-TR-89-040

    Mead F.B. Jr, et al, Advanced Propulsion Concepts - Project Outgrowth, 
    AFRPL-TR-72-31, (JUN 1972).

    Mead F.B. Jr, "Exotic Concepts for Future Propulsion and Space 
    Travel", In Advanced Propulsion Concepts, 1989 JPM
    Specialist Session, (JANNAF) Chemical Propulsion Information Agency, CPIA 
    Publication 528, p.93-99, (May 24, 1989).

    Talley R.L, "Twenty First Century Propulsion Concept", Veritay Technology 
    Inc, East Amherst NY. Prepared for the Phillips Laboratory, Air Force 
    Systems Command, Propulsion Directorate, Edwards AFB. May 1991.
    PL-TR-91-3009

    Talley R.L., 21st Century Propulsion Concept, AFAL-TR-88-031, Apr 88.

    Talley R.L., Final report on NYS contract no. (88)-166 of NYS Science 
    and Technology Foundation with Veritay Technology, Inc., P.O. Box 305, 
    East Amherst NY 14051.

    Forward R.L., 21st Century Space Propulsion Study, AL-TR-90-030, Final 
    Report on Contract FO4611-87-C-0029, Air Force
    Astronautics Lab (AFSC), (Oct 1990). --AND-- Forward,R.L., 21st Century 
    Space Propulsion Study (Addendum), PL-TR-91-3022,
    Final (Addendum), OLAC Phillips Lab, formally known as Air Force 
    Astronautics Lab (AFSC), (June 1991). 



        Electric Propulsion Study by Dennis L. Cravens:

                        TABLE OF CONTENTS
                                                            Page
        PREFACE ...........................................    1

     I. INTRODUCTION ......................................    2
        1.1 Background and Theoretical Developments .......    4
        1.2 Measurement ...................................    6
        1.3 Force Fields ..................................    8
        1.4 Chirality - Odd Number Space-Like Dimensions ..   11

    II. THEORIES ..........................................   13
        
        2.1 Introduction ..................................   13
        
        2.2 General Framework of Theory ...................   14
          2.2.1 Born - Infield ............................   17
          2.2.2 Lande' ....................................   19
          2.2.3 Podolsky ..................................   20
          2.2.4 Corben ....................................   21
          2.2.5 Flint .....................................   21
          2.2.6 Ingraham ..................................   21
          2.2.7 Arctan Potential ..........................   23
          2.2.8 Milne .....................................   24
          2.2.9 Williams ..................................   25
        
        2.3 Development of 5-D EM Equations ...............   27
          2.3.1 Modifications to Maxwell's Equations ......   33
          2.3.2 Lorentz Forces in 5-D .....................   36
          2.3.3 Wave Propagation in 5-Space ...............   38
          2.3.4 Limits to Conversion Rates ................   40
          2.3.5 Reduction to Newton's Laws - PPN ..........   41
          2.3.6 Thermoelectric Potentials in Gravity Field.   43
          2.3.7 Field Vectors and Equations in 5-D ........   44
        
        2.4 Conservation Laws .............................   47
          2.4.1 Conservation of Energy ....................   48 
          2.4.2 Conservation of Linear Momentum ...........   50
          2.4.3 Conservation of Angular Momentum ..........   51
          2.4.4 Conservation of Parity ....................   53
          2.4.5 Conservation of Pseudovectors .............   54
          2.4.6 Conditions for Non-Conservations ..........   58

        2.5 Vacuum Fluctuations ...........................   60
        2.6 Quantum Considerations ........................   62
        2.7 Compatibility of 10-D String Theories .........   68
        2.8 Mach's Principle ..............................   69
        2.9 Rosen's Bi-Metric Theory ......................   72
       2.10 Non-Conservation ..............................   74
       2.11 Particles in 5-D Spaces .......................   76

    III. EXPERIMENTS

        3.1 Approach to Selection of Experiments ..........   78
        3.2 Radiation Pressure ............................   80
        3.3 Biefeld-Brown Effects .........................   83
        3.4 Conductive Submarine ..........................   88
        3.5 Gravitational Rotor ...........................   89
        3.6 Spin Aligned Nuclei --
             Magnetic and Rotational Alignment ............   90
        3.7 Non-Inductive Coils ...........................   94
        3.8 EM Transparency of Conductive Media ...........  100 
        3.9 Magnetic Loop .................................  101 
       3.10 Speed of Light in a Mass Flow .................  103 
       3.11 Charged Torque Pendulum .......................  105
       3.12 Thermoelectric/Gravitational Effects ..........  107
       3.13 Binary Pulsar .................................  107
       3.14 Proton Scattering .............................  107
       3.15 Inertial Mass Variation .......................  107
       3.16 An Improper Experiment ........................  108

     IV. CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS ..................  110
    -------------------------------------------------------------------

    AUTHOR(s):       Woyk, E. 
    TITLE(s):        Gravitomagnetics in Stationary Media. 
               In:   The Astrophysical journal. 
                     SEP 20 1994 v 433 n 1 p 1  Page 357 

    AUTHOR(s):       Shahid-Saless, Bahman 
    TITLE(s):        Local gravitomagnetic perturbations of the lunar orbit. 
               In:   Physical review.  D,  Particles and fields. 
                     DEC 15 1992 v 46 n 12  Page 5404 

    AUTHOR(s):       Blockley, C.A.   Stedman, G.E. 
    TITLE(s):        Gravitomagnetic effects along polar geodesics about a
                       slowly rotating spherical mass in the PPN formalism.       
               In:   Physics letters:  [part A] 
                     JUL 09 1990 v 147 n 4  Page 161 

    AUTHOR(s):       Zhang, Xiao-He 
    TITLE(s):        Interactions of magnetohydrodynamic waves with
                       gravitomagnetic fields, and their possible roles in
                       black-hole magnetospheres.                                 
               In:   Physical review.  D,  Particles and fields. 
                     DEC 15 1989 v 40 n 12 
             Page:   3858 

    AUTHOR(s):       Khanna, Ramon 
                     Camenzind, Max 
    TITLE(s):        The Gravitomagnetic Dynamo Effect in Accretion Disks of
                       Rotating Black Holes.                                      
               In:   The Astrophysical journal. 
                     NOV 10 1994 v 435 n 2 p 2 

    AUTHOR(s):       Casotto, S.  Ciufolini, I.  Vespe, F. 
    TITLE(s):        Earth satellites and gravitomagnetic field. 
               In:   Il nuovo cimento delle societa italiana di fisic 
                     MAY 01 1990 v 105 n 5  Page 589

    AUTHOR(s):       Mashhoon, Bahram   Paik, Jung Ho   Will, Clifford M. 
    TITLE(s):        Detection of the gravitomagnetic field using an orbiting
                     superconducting gravity gradiometer. Theoretical principles.
               In:   Physical review.  D,  Particles and fields. 
                     MAY 15 1989 v 39 n 10  Page 2825 

    AUTHOR(s):       Nordtvedt, K. 
    TITLE(s):        Gravitomagnetic interaction and laser ranging to Earth
                       satellites.                                                
               In:   Physical review letters. 
                     DEC 05 1988 v 61 n 23  Page 2647
    ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- 

    There is a reprint of an article that appeared
    in "Interavia, Volume XI - No. 5, 1956" a March 23, 1956
    article titled "Towards Flight without Stress or Strain...
    or Weight" This article has a photograph of T.T.Brown holding one of
    his flying disks, and another photograph of the flying
    disk by itself. There is some info on the opperation of
    the electrokinetic apparatus. 
    _____________________________________________________________________

    The 1956 paper "The Gravitics Situation" (prepared by Gravity Rand
    Ltd., a division of Aviation Studies Ltd.  This includes six
    appendices with papers by various authors including the text from T.
    Townsend Brown's 1929 gravitor patent.
    ------------------------------------------------------------------

    Many documents on Gravitoelectrics/Electrogravitation refer back
    to the 1952 Project Winterhaven. That project is said to contain
    information on a Mach 3 Combat Disc. Also, have any records related
    to other Projects with Mr. T.T. Brown been produced. I have seen his 
    Lab notes 1 - 3 - 4. I was looking for 2 - 5 & 6. Also, the Bahnson
    et al Brown lab notes during his research days at Bahnson Labs in North
    Carolina 1957-60 period or about. I have a poor chopped up Lab Video
    on the subject. I'm looking for the full video the 45 minute one. Mine
    is a mere 23 minutes. 

    I have yet to track down an original document entitled: "The Flying Saucer:
    The Application of the Biefeld-Brown Effect to the Solution of Space
    Navigation" by Mason Rose. This 50's document details how a flying saucer
    operates. I have a copy of a re-write and it is outstanding.
    And I'm also looking for a document as seen on SIGHTINGS TV entitled: 
    "PROJECT SILVER BUG" the 1955 USAF Flying Saucer Tests.
    Also, seeking a copy of PROJECT WINTERHAVEN by Thomas Townsend Brown on 
    a MACH-3 Combat Disc. The British had a stake in as well as the USAF.
    It to is from the 1950's.
    -- James Hartman, CaluNET - Future Science Admin.
    ----------------------------------------------------------------

    The Biefeld-Brown (spelling is correct) effect is described generally 
    as the anomalous tendency of high voltage flat capacitors to display 
    movement towards (usually) the positive pole. Effects are most often 
    seen at potentials above 50kv. Thomas Townsend Brown held a few patents 
    on devices using it. It's very controversial and is part of the subject 
    of "electrogravitics", as some say that the BB effect is actually polar 
    gravity peeking out from behind a high electrical gradient within a 
    dielectric. Claims are that the mass of the dielectric is a factor in 
    the magnitude of the effect as well as the capacitance and the gradient 
    intensity. Should be fairly easy for the home-workshop experimenter to 
    get a look at, but the difficulty seems to be in isolating the effect 
    from ionic wind and simple electrostatic propulsive effects. Skeptics 
    claim that those forces are all it ever was, but a few reports indicate 
    that they may be wrong.
    -- Rick Monteverde, Honolulu HI
    -------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The experiments involved freely suspended electrically charged
    capacitors, which were determined to possess angular momentum
    yet did not rotate. Source: Albert Einstein: Philosopher-
    Scientist, P. Schilpp, editor, 3rd ed., 1988, pp 522-523.

    Schilpp, Paul Arthur, 1897- ed.
    Albert Einstein: philosopher-scientist. [3d ed.]  La Salle, Ill., Open Court
    [1970]  xviii, 781 p. illus., facsim., ports. 25 cm.
    LC CALL NUMBER: QC16.E5 S3 1970
    --------------------------------------------------------------

    >From Richard Feynman's Lectures on Physics we learn that there is 
    intrinsic field energy and momentum density associated with a static
    electro-magnetic field configuration. When there is a change in the
    magnetic field, this field energy and momentum can be directly 
    converted into kinetic energy and mechanical momentum. Feynman 
    illustrates this with an electromagnetic carousel paradox. In this
    paradox, a dielectric disk (which is embedded with small charged spheres
    along its circumference) rotates without any apparent "counter" torque
    in the system. Before this rotation occurs, the dielectric disk is 
    immersed in a static magnetic field. The subsequent rotation occurs as
    a consequence to reducing the previously static magnetic field to zero.
    The angular momentum and rotational kinetic energy comes directly from
    the initial static magnetic field. 
    "The Feynman Lectures on Physics" by Richard Feynman, R.B. Leighton, and 
    M. Sands, Volume II p 17-6
    ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    A Report on the T. Townsend Brown Conference:
    "Focus on Unconventional Energies:  A Symposium on Electrical Propulsion &
    the Technology of Electro-Gravity"
    April 15-16, 1994 Philadelphia Community College, Philadelphia, PA

    This conference was held in tribute to Thomas Townsend Brown and I feel that
    it was a great success.  About 15 speakers and 80 attendees provided a brief
    overview of Zero Point Energy theories, Free Energy devices, electrostatics
    theory, and antigravity experiments and documentation.  Attendees came from
    as far away as California and Washington.
    The conference program advertised the following topics:  "A Review of
    Advanced Energy Devices:  Evidence, Promises, and Dangers" by Patrick Bailey
    (VP INE);  "Thomas Townsend Brown's Electro-Gravities Research in the 1950's"
    by Tom Valone (Integrity Institute);  "The Role of Electro-Statics" by
    Charles Yost (Electric Spacecraft Journal);  "Thomas Townsend Brown's
    Research:  A Challenge to Modern Science" by Elizabeth Rauscher (Tecnic
    Research Laboratories);  "Electro-Gravitic Theory:  Explaining the Operating
    Principle of Brown's Electric Disks" by Paul LaViolette (The Starburst
    Foundation);  "A Panel Discussion on Biefeld-Brown and Beyond;"  "Vortices
    in the Zero Point Energy" by Moray King;  "Design of a Compact Marx Generator
    Triggered by a Blumlein Capacitor" by George Hathaway;  "Thomas Townsend
    Brown's Final Gravito-Electric Research" by Josh Reynolds (New Wave
    Partners);  "Townsend Brown Effects Reviewed" by Ron Kovac;  "Pushing the
    Boundaries:  Electro-Hydro Dynamic Potentials ..." by Henry Monteith, and
    "Gravity Drop Tests" by Don Kelly (SEA).
    - Patrick Bailey

    I have the audio tapes from the T.T. Brown conference, 11 tapes 
    in all, and I got a lot of good information from it.  
    - Bob Reim  (reim@advantor.com)
    -----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    There is a connection between Townsend Brown and UFOs. Brown was the
    founder of NICAP (National Investigations Committee on Aerial Phenomena)
    Project Skylight, and Brown served as Vice Chairman pro tempore during 
    during NICAP's organizational period in 1956.

    Partial biography of Thomas Townsend Brown: 
    1922-23, private research laboratory, Pasadena, California; 1924-25, 
    special electronics research, Denison University, Department of Physics; 
    1926-30, private research laboratory (astrophysics), Zanesville, Ohio, in 
    collaboration with Dr. Paul Biefeld, Swazey Observatory, Granville, Ohio; 
    1930-33, Naval Research Laboratory (radiation and spectroscopy), Washington, 
    DC; ... 1938, Assistant Engineering Officer (Lt. jg USNR) shakedown cruise 
    USS NASHVILLE to Europe; 1939-40, Materials and Processes Engineer 
    (aircraft), Glenn L. Martin Company, Baltimore; 1940-41, Officer-in-charge 
    (Lt. USNR), Magnetic and Acoustic Minesweeping, Research and Development, 
    Bureau of Ships, Navy Department, Washington, D. C.; 1942-43, Officer-in-
    charge (Lt. Comdr. USNR), Atlantic Fleet Radar Materiel School and Gyro-
    compass School, Naval Operating Base, Norfolk, Virginia; 1944-45, Radar 
    Consultant, Advanced Design Section, Lockheed Aircraft Corporation, 
    Burbank, California; ...

    Also, there was a T.T. Brown on the Condon committee for UFO studies.
    And some of Brown's above described Navy duties are coincident with 
    some of the times and places in stories about the Montauk Project/
    Philadelphia Experiment. 
    -----------------------------------------------------------------------

    Quotation from a letter to William Moore from T. Townsend Brown dated 
    12/17/76 -- 
         "I am still working on petroelectricity and the project is
    housed largely at Stanford Research Institute with additional assistance
    being provided by the University of California - Berkeley and the Ames
    Research center of NASA.  Unfortunately, under the circumstances, while
    this project is being evaluated for funding by ERDA we should not and
    cannot publish details..."
        "Your next question concerns the airfoils.  As far as I am
    aware, no rf is radiated.  There is, of course, a static d.c. field
    which accompanies the airfoils in flight."
    ------------------------------------------------------------------------

    It is very interesting to note that Townsend Brown was the pioneer in 
    this field, and was not able to obtain very much support for his work 
    until the 1950's.  During that time, there was much discussion of 
    gravity and antigravity within the aerospace industry and in the 
    magazine "Aviation Week."  Then the Gravity Research Group (GRG) 
    published a detailed summary report of their review of research into 
    "Electrostatic Motion, Dynamic Counterbary, and Barycentric Control" 
    (i.e.  "Antigravity").  This report is the last public report that 
    any researchers have been able to find for us that deals with the 
    physical effects of electrostatics, electrodynamics, and gravity control.  
    (It is also worth noting that this report was found in the Wright 
    Patterson Air Force Base Library "TL 565 A9" and was not listed in the
    library catalog).  So, after the mid-1950's to the present, no other
    information regarding the technology of electrodynamics and its effect 
    on gravity has been able to be found in any of the un-classified U.S.
    literature.  
    - Patrick Bailey
    ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    I have the FIVE (5) lab books of TT Brown's R&D at the Bahnson Co. in
    Salem, N. Carolina 1958-9. I also have some other letters and drawings of
    the lab plus the only surviving 16mm colour film of the various stages of
    his work at Bahnson Labs.
    I was in contact with Dr Brown in 1983 by phone and by mail. He died of
    lung cancer not long after in Oct of 1985. He told me that a lot of people
    including Bill Morre had attributed more to his work than he had really
    done. In particular, he was only marginally connected with the Philadelphia
    Experiment as such. His main theme of R&D was dielectrics and the
    Biefeld-Brown effect. He was not an electromagnetics man... only
    electrostatics.
    >From 1983 to 1991 or so I was in frequent communication with J. Frank King
    who was TT Brown's boss at the Bahnson Co. J. Frank was a good man and a
    good friend of mine. He, too, died in Dec 1989. Before he died I was given
    rights to reproduce and share letters, files, drawings, patent submissions,
    films etc from his personal files on TT Brown, George Adamski, Dr Ilka, T
    Henry Moray and others.
    J Frank warned me a long time ago to take what TT Brown said with a 'grain
    of salt' because Townsend had a habit of 'stretching the truth' a bit to
    get funding which he was always in need of.... So, I warn you now in good
    faith: If you seek lost or hidden technology in Brown's lab notes, I don't
    think you will find it there; however, I am prepared to make photocopies
    available to you.
    There are about 750 pages in all. I would need to charge you  AUS$50 per
    notebook which would include the air mail charges as well. In US$ that
    would be about US$38 per notebook. The film is available as are the
    notebooks (I think) from The Electric Spacecraft Journal in the US 
    (Charles Yost on 704-252-8083, FAX 202-683-3511.
    -- Stan Deyo
    --------------------------------------------------------------------------

    As far as I know, the last thing Brown published before his 
    death was, "On The Possibilities of Optical-Frequency Gravitational
    Radiation", 2/14/1976 and 8/30/1976. I don't know where it was 
    originally published.  But you can get copy from:

    Rex Research, P.O. Box 19250, Jean NV 89019
                    
    It is part of NR 046-BT2/B17-BRV  "T. Brown: Petro-Voltaics"
    (Gravito-Electric Conversion). Most people think Brown was just 
    into flying capacitors he was into much much more...
    -- Bob Paddock
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